Fountains of Temple Mount (Sabil-i Haram al-Ashraf)

A sebil or sabil (Arabic: سبيل‎‎) is a public water fountain, often decorated with stone carvings. Sebils were built at crossroads and outside mosques throughout the Ottoman Empire to provide drinking water for travelers and enable ritual purification before prayer. The construction of many sebils was considered the hallmark of a beneficent ruler.

Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 709 CE al-Kas, looking northwards, in front of al-Aqsa at Haram al-Sharif (Temple Mount), it is used for ablutions before salah.
c. 1216 CE View of the Sebil-i Sha'lan from south-west. Fountain of Shaalan was built by Malik al-Mu’atam Issa and was used as a water reservoir at during most of 13th till 15th centuries CE.
c. 1266/1430 CE Sabil of Ibrahim Rumi, at Haram al-Sharif (Temple Mount) also known as Sabil al-Basiri and Sabil Bab al-Nazir, but according to the foundation inscription, the one who renovated it was Ibrahim al-Rumi in the Mamluk era, during the reign of Sultan al-Ashraf Sayf al-Din Barsbai, Eypt’s 9th Mamluk sultan.
c. 1460 CE Sabil-i Qaitbay, as seen from Dome of Rock platform, the Bab ul-Qattanin (Gate of Cotton Merchants) can be seen in the background. Originally constructed in 1455 on the orders of the Egyptian Sultan al-Ashraf Sayf ad-Din Enal. In 1482, however, Sultan Qaitbay had it rebuilt, and the structure is named after him. The Sebil is fed by an old water cistern.
c. 1527 CE Sabil-i Qasim Pasha with Qubat ul-Sakhr'a (Dome of Rock) in the background. The Fountain of Qasim Pasha also known as the Fountain of the Bitter Orange (al-Naranj Sabil) is an ablution and drinking fountain located in the western esplanade of the al-Aqsa in the Old City of Jerusalem. It is situated in front of the Chain Gate.
c. 1537 CE Sabil of Sultan Suleyman, also known as Sebil e bab e Attim Haram al-Sharif (Temple Mount). It is located immediatly inside the Bab e Shah Faisal (Dark Gate) and faces Iwan of Sultan Mahmud. It is a free standing fountain and is fed through an aquaduct.
c. 1579 CE Sebil e Bab al-Maghribah is a simple square plan structure built around an ancient cistern, located immediatly in front of the Bab al-Magharibah. The al-Buraq Mosque (right) with green window grill, and a couple of Corinthian column capitals are also visible (left). Today the sabil is no longer used, however, an 18th century waqfiyya (endowment document) mentions that a water-carrier was paid to fill the basins daily.
c. 1740 CE Sebil-i Mustafa Agha also known as Sebil-i Shaikh al-Budeyar was built by Mustafa Agha and Uthman Beq al-Fiqari in 1740 CE inside (Temple Mount). It's a free standing fountain with arches on three sides and closed wall on the fourth.
Latest Update: August 16, 2015


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Sebils (Fountains)Sebil-i Sha'lan · al-Kas · Sabil e Bab al-Maghribah · Sebil e Qasim Pasha · Sebil e Ibrahim Rumi · Sebil e Qayt Bay · Fountain of Sultan Suleman · Sebil e Mustafa AghaFountains in Jerusalem
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