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Abrahamic History & Archaeology

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Explore our archives database and discover more than 8,000 years of history.
The Madain Project is a very unique resource for the study of history and archaeology of three major Abrahamic Faiths. The Madain Project presents the material evidence without the influence of the religious beliefs.

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An extensive index of terms, names, places, people and artefacts.

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Archaeological Site of Herculaneum

Archaeological Site of Herculaneum

Herculaneum, a Roman town near Pompeii, met a similar fate when Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 CE, preserving its well-preserved ruins beneath layers of volcanic debris until their discovery and subsequent excavation in the 18th century. Explore Herculaneum Ruins

Ancient Babylonia

Ancient Babylonia

The roots of Babylonia can be traced back to the Sumerians, who settled in the city-states, such as Ur and Uruk, around 3500 BCE and not only established the world's earliest known civilization but also the first writing system as well and made significant strides in mathematics. Explore Ancient Babylonia

Theban Mapping Project

Egyptian Timeline

There is evidence of human activity in northeastern Africa since the Middle Pleistocene Period. By the Middle and Upper Paleolithic, between 90,000 to 10,000 years ago, there was a gradual movement of hunter-gatherer populations into the prehistoric Nile Valley and the drying lake and savannah regions of the Eastern Sahara precipitated by climatic changes. Traces of these early peoples survive in the forms of stone tools and rock carvings on the higher terraces along the Nile (including the western Theban plateau) and in the oases. As the nomadic hunter-gatherers came to settle along the edges of the Nile Valley, a transition to a settled lifestyle dependent on agriculture took place.

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Ancient Egypt


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Ara Pacis Augustae

Altar of the Augustan Peace, an iconic ancient Roman monument, stands as a testament to Augustus' vision of peace and prosperity for the Roman Empire, showcasing intricate reliefs and symbolizing an era of cultural and political transformation.

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Tel es-Saba'

In the Hebrew Bible, Beersheba is mentioned as a place where Abraham's covenant with Abimelech took place. In Islam, Beersheba, known as "Bir as-Saba" in Arabic, is believed to be a place where the Prophet Abraham and his son Ishmael resided for a time.

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Buhen Fortress (Egypt)

Buhen Fortress

The Buhen Fortress, strategically positioned along the Nile River in ancient Nubia, served as a significant Egyptian military installation, safeguarding trade routes and asserting control over the southern territories during the era of the New Kingdom.

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The archaeological site of Hattusa, Anatolia's most significant archaeological sites, in Turkey unveils the captivating remnants of an ancient Hittite capital, offering a window into the sophisticated civilization that thrived in Anatolia over three millennia ago.

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Hegra (Mada'in Salih)

Renowned for its extraordinary ancient Nabatean rock-cut architecture with intricately carved facades and inscriptions, the Madain Saleh or Hegra dates back to the 1st century CE when this Nabatean settlement was a crucial trading hub along the incense route.

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Athens Acropolis

Perched atop a rocky hill in the heart of Athens, this monumental citadel boasts several architectural marvels, most notably the Parthenon, a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, Erechtheion temple, the Odeon of Herodes Atticus, and the Propylaea.

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How Well Do You Know Your History?

Who built the first Ishtar Gate?

The ishtar gate was constructed during the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar II in the sixth century BCE. Adorned with vibrant blue-glazed tiles depicting awe-inspiring dragons and divine beings, the Ishtar Gate served as the southern entrance to the ancient city of Babylon, acting as both a symbol of the city's power and a magnificent homage to the goddess Ishtar, the Babylonian deity of love and war.

The gate itself served as the northern entrance to Babylon and was dedicated to the Babylonian goddess Ishtar, the deity of love, fertility, and war. It was not just a functional gateway but also a symbolic passage into the heart of Babylon, meant to awe and inspire all who entered.

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