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Abrahamic History & Archaeology

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Explore our archives database and discover more than 8,000 years of history.
The Madain Project is a very unique resource for the study of history and archaeology of three major Abrahamic Faiths. The Madain Project presents the material evidence without the influence of the religious beliefs.

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An extensive index of terms, names, places, people and artefacts.

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Ancient Abu Simbel

Ancient Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel is an archaeological site located in southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan. The most famous feature of Abu Simbel is the two massive rock temples that were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BCE. Explore Herculaneum Ruins

Ancient Delphi, Greece

Ancient Delphi

Delphi was primarily known as the sanctuary of Apollo, the Greek god of music, poetry, prophecy, and the sun. The site was also associated with the Oracle of Delphi, a priestess who was believed to channel the words and wisdom of Apollo to those seeking guidance. Explore Ancient Babylonia

Featured Books

The Temples of Karnak

R. A. Schwaller de Lubicz

This book is a magnificent excursion led by R. A. Schwaller de Lubicz to the monuments, ruins, statues, and bas-reliefs of the temples of Karnak. With nearly 600 photographs by Georges and Valentine de Mire, more than 450 of which are full-page plates, this volume is the only complete photographic record of this important historic site.
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Babylon Mesopotamia and the Birth of Civilization

Paul Kriwaczek

Civilization was born eight thousand years ago, between the floodplains of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, when migrants from the surrounding mountains and deserts began to create increasingly sophisticated urban societies. In the cities that they built, half of human history took place.
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Jerusalem One City, Three Faiths

Karen Armstrong

Venerated for millennia by three faiths, torn by irreconcilable conflict, conquered, rebuilt, and mourned for again and again, Jerusalem is a sacred city whose very sacredness has engendered terrible tragedy. In this fascinating volume, Karen Armstrong, author of the highly praised A History of God, traces the history of how Jews, Christians, and Muslims have all laid claim to Jerusalem.
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Assyria The Rise and Fall of the World's First Empire

Eckart Frahm

This exceptional read written by Eckart Frahm who is professor of Assyriology in the department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations at Yale. At its height in 660 BCE, the kingdom of Assyria stretched from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. It was the first empire the world had ever seen. Here, historian Eckart Frahm tells the epic story of Assyria and its formative role in global history.
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Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of the Augustan Peace)

Ara Pacis Augustae

Altar of the Augustan Peace, an iconic ancient Roman monument, stands as a testament to Augustus' vision of peace and prosperity for the Roman Empire, showcasing intricate reliefs and symbolizing an era of cultural and political transformation.

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Procession of the Aamu

Procession of the Aamu

The procession of the Āāmu of Shu, or the procession of "Asiatics" (as commonly referred to by Egyptologists today), at Beni Hasan is an ancient Egyptian painting on the northern wall of Khnumhotep II's tomb in the Beni Hasan necropolis.

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Buhen Fortress (Egypt)

Qarawiyyin Mosque University

The Mosque-Jame', oldest continuously operating institute, was originally founded as a mosque-madrasa by Fatima al-Fihri in 857–859 CE (244-247 Hijri) and subsequently became one of the leading spiritual and educational centers of the Islamic Golden Age.

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The archaeological site of Hattusa, Anatolia's most significant archaeological sites, in Turkey unveils the captivating remnants of an ancient Hittite capital, offering a window into the sophisticated civilization that thrived in Anatolia over three millennia ago.

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Ancient Hegra (Madain Saleh)

Hegra (Mada'in Salih)

Renowned for its extraordinary ancient Nabatean rock-cut architecture with intricately carved facades and inscriptions, the Madain Saleh or Hegra dates back to the 1st century CE when this Nabatean settlement was a crucial trading hub along the incense route.

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Mud-seal of king Hezekiah

Mud Seal of King Hezekiah

Discovered along with 33 other stamped bullae during sifting of dirt from a 10th-century BCE royal building in the Jerusalem Ophel. This mud-seal is the first and only one ever discovered by archaeological excavation to have belonged to a king of Judah or Israel.

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Theban Mapping Project

Egyptian Timeline

There is evidence of human activity in northeastern Africa since the Middle Pleistocene Period. By the Middle and Upper Paleolithic, between 90,000 to 10,000 years ago, there was a gradual movement of hunter-gatherer populations into the prehistoric Nile Valley and the drying lake and savannah regions of the Eastern Sahara precipitated by climatic changes. Traces of these early peoples survive in the forms of stone tools and rock carvings on the higher terraces along the Nile (including the western Theban plateau) and in the oases. As the nomadic hunter-gatherers came to settle along the edges of the Nile Valley, a transition to a settled lifestyle dependent on agriculture took place.

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Ancient Egypt

Theban Mapping Project on the Madain Project

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How Well Do You Know Your History?

Who built the first Ishtar Gate?

The ishtar gate was constructed during the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar II in the sixth century BCE. Adorned with vibrant blue-glazed tiles depicting awe-inspiring dragons and divine beings, the Ishtar Gate served as the southern entrance to the ancient city of Babylon, acting as both a symbol of the city's power and a magnificent homage to the goddess Ishtar, the Babylonian deity of love and war.

The gate itself served as the northern entrance to Babylon and was dedicated to the Babylonian goddess Ishtar, the deity of love, fertility, and war. It was not just a functional gateway but also a symbolic passage into the heart of Babylon, meant to awe and inspire all who entered.

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