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Madain Project

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Explore our archives database and discover more than 4000 years of history.
The Madain Project is a very unique resource for the study of history and archaeology of three major Abrahamic Faiths. The Madain Project presents the material evidence without the influence of the religious beliefs.


Egyptian Timeline

There is evidence of human activity in northeastern Africa since the Middle Pleistocene Period. By the Middle and Upper Paleolithic, between 90,000 to 10,000 years ago, there was a gradual movement of hunter-gatherer populations into the prehistoric Nile Valley and the drying lake and savannah regions of the Eastern Sahara precipitated by climatic changes. Traces of these early peoples survive in the forms of stone tools and rock carvings on the higher terraces along the Nile (including the western Theban plateau) and in the oases. As the nomadic hunter-gatherers came to settle along the edges of the Nile Valley, a transition to a settled lifestyle dependent on agriculture took place.

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Ancient Egypt

Ḫattuša: The Hittite Capital

Hattusa also Ḫattuša or Hattusas, (Hittite: URUḪa-at-tu-ša) was the capital of the Hittite Empire in the late Bronze Age. Before 2000 BCE, the apparently indigenous Hattian people established a settlement on sites that had been occupied even earlier and referred to the site as Hattush. The Hattians built their initial settlement on the high ridge of Büyükkale. The Hittites Empire came into conflict with the major bronze age powers at the time, including the Egyptian Empire, Middle Assyrian Empire, and the empire of the Mitanni, reaching their peak around the mid-14th century BCE.

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About the Madain Project

Madain Project is an online archive of Abrahamic History and Archaeology, the study of history and archaeology with respect to the three Abrahamic Faiths without considering the religious and theological aspects.

About Us
Frequently Asked

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The historic Ishtar Gate, reconstructed and exhibited at the Pergamon Museum, Berlin, is only the upper-most part of ancient eighth gate to the inner city of Babylon.

In an effort to illustrate this ancient site in a new way, the Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin and Google Arts & Culture have virtually reassembled Ishtar Gate, in its original location. This work of this project illustrates how the ancient landmark would have looked like before it was parted.

Photograph: Google Arts & Culture, circa 2015 CE.