Frequently Asked

Here you can learn about the Madain Project in some depth. This page is regulary updated so keep an eye on it to have the latest information about the Project.

[Section 01] Regarding Madain Project

The following section pertains to the frequently asked questions about Madain Project and its scope of work.

  • What is Madain Project?
    Madain Project is an online archive of Abrahamic History and Archaeology.

  • What is Abrahamic History?
    Abrahamic History is the study of history and archaeology with respect to the three Abrahamic Faiths without considering the religious and theological aspects. [N1]

  • What is Abrahamic Archaeology?
    Abrahamic Archaeology is the study of archaeology with respect to the three Abrahamic Faiths without considering the religious and theological aspects. [N2] While the methods and analytical procedures followed in this specialism generally derive from other branches of history and archaeology, it is still not clear to what extent the Abrahamic archaeology should be defined specifically with respect to the study of the material record of Abrahamic faiths, traditions and practices.

  • What is Bible Archaeology?
    Biblical archaeology involves the recovery and scientific investigation of the material remains of past cultures that can illuminate the periods and descriptions in the Bible, be they from the Old Testament (Tanakh) or from the New Testament, as well as the history and cosmogony of the Judeo-Christian religions [R3][R4][R5].
  • What is Islamic Archaeology?
    Islamic archaeology [R1][R2] is a specialism within the discipline of archaeology. The term Islamic archaeology may be broadly defined as the examination of the physical remains of human activity and of the wider environment in regions of the world where the ruling elite professed the faith of Islam.

  • Why does archaeology matter? The science of archaeology helps us to better understand what has happened over the years, how we lived, and how did those circumstances shape our understanding of the modern world.

  • Is this a religious project?
    No, Madain Project is not a religious project, we're only concerned with history and archaeology of the three Abrahamic Faiths, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. [N2]

[Section 02] Regarding Abrahamic History and Archaeology

The following section pertains to the frequently asked questions about hows and whys of the Abrahamic History and Archaeology.

  • What is the timeframe of Abrahamic History?
    The known timeframe or periods concerned with Abrahamic history depend on the geographic divisions. In its broadest scope, starting with the Neolithic age (circa 8500–4300 BCE), covering the Chalcolithic period, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Babylonian period, Persian Period, Hellenistic Period, Roman Period in the history and archaeology of Syro-Palestinian-Mesopotamian-Egyptian (essentially fertile crescent) regions due to the fact that during these periods the Abrahamic tradition was mostly concentrated within these geographical area.

    In the post-Roman periods the Abrahamic history may span on the European Dark Ages, Rise of Islam around the mediterranean (i.e. rise, golden age, and decline of Islamic empires in Hispania, Africa, Middle East, and Near east etc), Middle ages and then in to the contemporary modern age [N1].

  • What are the geographical regions?


[N1] The definitions of the Abrahamic History and Archaeology are not very mature and defined at the moment.
[N2] In the scope of Abrahamic History and Archaeology, we may study how a theological or religious tradition might have originated and how it might have evolved historically.


[R1] Insoll, Timothy. The Archaeology of Islam. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.
[R2] Milwright, Marcus. An Introduction to Islamic Archaeology. New Edinburgh Islamic Surveys. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2010.
[R3] Adams, Russell, ed. Jordan: An Archaeological Reader. London: Equinox, 2008.
[R4] Ben-Tor, Amnon, ed. The Archaeology of Ancient Israel. Translated by R. Greenberg. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1992.
[R5] Cline, Eric H. Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

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