In the context of Madain Project, "Islamic archaeology" refers neither to a specific time period, nor to a particular geographical region, as Islam is global and the center of the "Islamic world" has shifted many times over the centuries. Likewise, it is not defined by a single methodology or theoretical construct (for example; it is not the "Islamic" equivalent of "Biblical archaeology", with an emphasis on the study of places and peoples mentioned in religious texts). The term refers to the archaeological study of Islamic societies, polities, and communities, wherever they are found. It may be considered a type of "historical" archaeology, in which the study of historically (textually) known societies can be studied through a combination of "texts and tell".
---- Definition derived from Journal of Islamic Archaeology
Islamic archaeology is a rapidly expanding area of study, with archaeological projects now being conducted from the Iberian Peninsula to Central Asia, in sub-Saharan and East Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and Indonesia.
---- Marcus Milwright, Defining Islamic Archaeology
The term Islamic archaeology may be broadly defined as the examination of the physical remains of human activity and of the wider environment in regions of the world where the ruling elite professed the faith of Islam.
---- Marcus Milwright, Islamic Archaeology
Islamic Archaeology. The first and foremost mission of Madain Project is to locate and identify the sites mentioned in Quran, Hadith and other Islamic sources and conduct multidisciplinary and systematic study of these historical sites. The project has a number of over-arching aims
Haram al-Sharif, Jerusalem