Pyramid Complex of Khafre

Pyramid Complex of Khafra is an archaeological site in Giza Pyramid Complex. It includes the Pyramid of Khafre, remains of the Mortuary Temple, Sphinx, Valley Temple along a few others.


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circa 2570 BCE

Pyramid of Khafre

The Pyramid of Khafre or of Chephren is the second-tallest and second-largest of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza and the tomb of the Fourth-Dynasty pharaoh Khafre (Chefren), who ruled from c. 2558 to 2532 BCE.

circa 2570 BCE

The remains of the mortuary temple, now largely in ruins, sit to the east of the pyramid. It is larger than previous temples and is the first to include all five standard elements of later mortuary temples: an entrance hall, a columned court, five niches for statues of the pharaoh, five storage chambers, and an inner sanctuary.

circa 2500 BCE

The Great Sphinx of Giza probably built out of a rock formation used to cut the blocks for the pyramid itself along with Sphinx Temple, may have been part of the Khafra's Pyramid complex. Later on during the Middle Kingdom another temple was built, dedicated to the Sphinx.

circa 2500 BCE

The Valley Temple is built of megalithic blocks sheathed in red granite, and is very similar to the Mortuary Temple. The square pillars of the T-shaped hallway were made of solid granite, which is remarkably well preserved, and the floor was paved in alabaster. The exterior made of limestone is much more weathered.

circa 2500 BCE

A causeway runs 494.6 metres between the Pyramid Valley Temple of Khare and the Mortuary Temple near the Pyramid.

circa 2500 BCE

Satellite Pyramid GIIa along the centerline of the pyramid on the south side. Almost nothing remains other than some core blocks and the outline of the foundation. It contains two descending passages, one of them ending in a dead end with a niche which contained pieces of ritualistic furniture.

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