Giza Pyramid Complex

The Giza pyramid complex is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. It includes the three Great Pyramids (Khufu/Cheops, Khafre/Chephren and Menkaure), the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers' village and an industrial complex.


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circa 2570 BCE

The Pyramid complex of Khufu is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex bordering what is now el Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact.

circa 2500 BCE

The Pyramid Complex of Khafre/Chephren includes the funerary temple, boat pits, rock-cut tombs, subsidiary pyramid, cause way, the great Sphinx, and valley temple of Khafre.

circa 2500 BCE

The Pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest of the three main Pyramids of Giza, located on the Giza Plateau in the southwestern outskirts of Cairo, Egypt.

circa 2500 BCE

The Great Sphinx of Giza is a limestone statue of a reclining sphinx, a mythical creature with the body of a lion and the head of a human. It is the oldest known monumental sculpture in Egypt and is commonly believed to have been built during Old Kingdom during the reign of the Pharaoh Khafre (c. 2558–2532 BCE).

circa 2500 BCE

The Giza Settlement is located to the southeast of the Khafre and Menkaure complexes. Among the discoveries at the workers' village are communal sleeping quarters, bakeries, breweries, and kitchens, a hospital and a cemetery. The town appears to date from the middle 4th dynasty (2520–2472 BCE), after the accepted time of Khufu.

circa 2340 BCE

Mastaba of Seshemnefer IV is one of the most prominent tomb located in cemetery GIS of the Giza Necropolis in Egypt, it dates from the early Sixth Dynasty. The tomb was completely uncovered during Junker's excavations, which took place in 1928/9.

circa 2340 BCE

Hemiunu Mastaba (G4000) located in Giza Western Field lies close to Khufu's pyramid, and contains reliefs of his image.

circa 2340 BCE

Senedjemib Tomb Complex belongs to 5th/6th dynasty officials (vizirs) named Senedjemib Inti (father) and Senedjemib Mehi (son).

Points of InterestPart of
Pyramid ComplexesPyramid Complex of Khufu · Pyramid Complex of Khafre · Pyramid Complex of Menkaure
Major PyramidsPyramid of Khufu · Pyramid of Khafre · Pyramid of Menkaure
Minor PyramidsPyramid of Hetepheres I (G1-a) · Pyramid of Meritites I (G1-b) · Pyramid of Henutsen (G1-c) · Pyramid G2-a · Pyramid G3-a · Pyramid G3-b · Pyramid G3-c
TemplesMortuary Temple of Khufu · Mortuary Temple of Khafre · Mortuary Temple of Menkaure · Temple of Isis · Valley Temple of Khufu
CemeteriesCemetery GIS · G7000 · G1000 · G1100 · G1200 · G1400 · G1500 · G1600 · G2100 · G2300 · G4000 · G5000 · Junker Cemetery East · Steindorff Cemetery ·
Mastabas/Tombs · G1020 · G1101 · G1109 · G2370, (+)G2378 · G4000 · G7110,(+)7120 · G7130,(+)7140 · G7210, (+)7220 · · ·
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