Great Pyramid of Giza Complex (Khufu's Pyramid Complex)

Great Pyramid of Giza Complex is an archaeological site in Giza Pyramid Complex. It includes the Great Pyramid of Khufu or Cheops, funerary temple, boat pits, mastabas, cause way, tomb of queen mother Hetepheres I, queens' pyramids among a few other structures.


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Circa 2570 BCE

The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex bordering what is now el Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact.

Circa 2570 BCE

The Mortuary Temple, which stood on the east side of the pyramid and measured 52.2 metres (171 ft) north to south and 40 metres (130 ft) east to west, has almost entirely disappeared apart from the black basalt paving.

Circa 2570 BCE

Three remaining standing subsidiary pyramids known as the Queens' Pyramids are located on south side. The first one to the left mostly ruined belongs to Queen Hetepheres I, one in the middle belongs to Meritites I or Noubet and the third one in the background belongs to Queen Henutsen.

Circa 2570 BCE

The Khufu ship, now in Solar Boat Museum, is an intact full-size vessel from Ancient Egypt that was sealed into a pit in the Giza pyramid complex at the foot of the Great Pyramid of Giza around 2500 BCE. It was apparently part of the extensive grave goods intended for use in the afterlife.

Circa 2570 BCE

One of the about five boat pits found around the Khufu's pyramid complex. In May 1954, the Egyptian archaeologist Kamal el-Mallakh discovered a pit still covered with slabs of stone weighing up to 15 tons. Inside were 1,224 pieces of wood for a ship, the longest 23 metres long, the shortest 10 centimetres.

Circa 2570 BCE

The East Field is located to the east of Khufu’s pyramid and was a burial place for some of the family members of Khufu. The cemetery also includes mastabas from tenants and priests of the pyramids dated to the 5th dynasty and 6th dynasty.

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