Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex bordering what is now el Giza, Egypt.

Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 2570 BCE
c. 2570 BCE The Robbers' Tunnel that provides entrance to the interior today was purportedly created around 820 CE by Caliph al-Ma'mun's workmen using a battering ram. The tunnel is cut straight through the masonry of the pyramid for approximately 27 metres (89 ft), then turns sharply left to encounter the blocking stones in the Ascending Passage.
c. 2570 BCE The Grand Gallery continues the slope of the Ascending Passage, but is 8.6 metres (28 ft) high and 46.68 metres (153.1 ft) long. It is speculated that it was used to lift stones to the upper levels of the structures by means of counter weights and pullys.
c. 2570 BCE A granite chamber measuring 10.47 metres from east to west and 5.234 metres from north to south. The only object in the King's Chamber is a rectangular granite sarcophagus.
c. 2570 BCE The "Queen's Chamber" is exactly halfway between the north and south faces of the pyramid and measures 5.75 metres by 5.23 metres, and has a pointed roof.
c. 2570 BCE This bare and unfinished cavern, inaccessible today, has an enigmatic pit dug into its floor and serves as the starting point for a small, cramped tunnel of unknown purpose that dead-ends in the bedrock.
Latest Update: September 30, 2018
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