Saint Peter's Byzantine Church (Capernaum)

An octagonal Byzantine martyrium structure was built in first century CE is on the purported site of Saint Peter's house. According to the excavators, the central hall of this church was originally built as part of a house about the beginning of the Early Roman period, around 63 BCE. Although it is not mentioned specifically where in Capernaum Isa (Jesus) stayed, the fair inference seems to be that he lived at Peter’s house which was fairly close to the Capernaum Synagogue.

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Circa 100 CE

The octagonal church built over the purported st. Peter's house. Later on in 1990 CE a church of modern pilgrimage church was built over the remains of the ancient temples. Excavations before the modern memorial Church was built over these in 1990s.

Circa 100 CE

The main entrance to the church, inside the apse of the octagonal church the immersion baptismal basin was made with steps for the entry and exit of the baptized.

Circa 100 CE

An aerial view of the 1st century CE church remains, which was most likely converted from St. Peter's house, with part of the 4th century synagogue seen in the upper-left corner. Some of the foundations of the original structure can also be seen. The three concentric octagons form the walls of the octagonal church of the late 5th century. The central octagon had eight pillars, another outer octagon, and a portico that led both into the interior of the church as well as into a complex of related buildings.

Circa 100 CE

Buried (dark blue outine) beneath the remains of an octagonal Byzantine martyrium church (light blue outine), Italian excavators found the ruins of a rather mundane dwelling dating to the first century BCE. Although slightly larger than most, the house was simple, with coarse walls and a roof of earth and straw. Like most early Roman-period houses, it consisted of a few small rooms clustered around two open courtyards.

Circa 100 CE

The closing wall of the sacred area built in the fourth century and also used for the Octagonal Church of the fifth century, the modern Pilgrimage Church of St. Peter in Capernaum is also partially visible over the ruins.

Circa 100 CE

Wall of the outer ambulatory of the Octagonal Byzantine Church with one of the white limestone thresholds.

Circa 100 CE

Mosaic lacerto. The octagon was paved with refined mosaics like this one with peacock symbolizing the resurrection with a strip of flowers, schools of fish with small flowers around it, in the remains of the fourth and fifth century church of Saint Peter in Capernaum.

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