Mosaics of Saint Peter's Byzantine Church in Capernaum

By the Editors of the Madain Project

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The central octagon had a mosaic floor with a strip of flowers, schools of fish with small flowers and a circle with a peacock in the center. The floor of the outer octagon had mosaics of plants and animals and the floor of the portico had mosaics that were geometric, with four rows of contiguous circles and small crosses.

List of the Mosaics

circa 100 CE

Peacock Mosaic
Mosaic lacerto. The Byzantine octagonal church was paved with a refined refined mosaics like this one with peacock (reconstruction) symbolizing the resurrection in the remains of the fourth and fifth century church of Saint Peter in Capernaum. In the 4th century, this room was enlarged and a central arch was added, the supporting ends of which can still be seen. The room was now the focal center of a house-church, perhaps the one built by Joseph.

circa 100 CE

Floral Mosaic
In the 1960s Fathers Stanislao Loffreda and Virgilio Corbo excavated in Capernaum these remains of a Byzantine church with a mosaic floor. Very similar to mosaics found in nearby Tabgha, this 55 square meter mosaic has geometric and decorative patterns with a peacock, symbol of immortality, at its center. The two archaeologists decided to remove the mosaic in order to discover what lay beneath, and it was in this manner that they discovered the remains of the house of Peter.

circa 100 CE

Patterned Mosaic
After having been removed from its original location, the mosaics remained on display in the archaeological park in Capernaum until 2012, the year in which it was possible to begin its restoration.

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