Capernaum was a fishing village established during the time of the Hasmoneans, located on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee. Archaeological excavations have revealed two ancient synagogues built one over the other. A house turned into a church by the Byzantines is said to be the home of Saint Peter. The village was inhabited continuously from the 2nd century BCE to the 11th century CE, when it was abandoned sometime before the Crusader conquest.
Due to its location and early treatment as a Christian pilgrimage site, a large octagonal Byzantine church was erected over the House of Peter in the 5th century. The House of Peter is an ancient residence at Capernaum on the Sea of Galilee that’s been an obvious object of attention since the 2nd century CE.