Mecca Through Time from genesis till Ottoman era (Khilafat-i Uthman'iya)

A pictorial timeline of Mecca, also pronounced Makkah is a city in Hejaz, is regarded as the holiest city in Islam. The information on this page is purely speculative.


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circa 2000 BCE

An illustration of Makkah before the time of Ibrahim (biblical Abraham).

circa 1800 BCE

An illustration of Kabah, probably showing the time of first building by pre Abrahamic builders.

circa 1800 BCE

Artist's imagination of Mecca during the time of Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim As)

circa 1800 BCE

A depiction of Mecca during the time of Ishmael (Ismail As).

circa 450 CE

Makkah during the time of Qusa'i the great-grandfather of Shaiba ibn Hashim (Abdul-Mutallib), thus the great-great-great-grandfather of prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Year 157, before Hijra

circa 540 CE

Makkah during the time of `Abd al-Muttalib, grand father of Prophet pbuh.

circa 570 CE

An imaginary picture of the invasion, and retreating army of Abraha. Abraha, launched an expedition of forty thousand men against the Ka‘bah at Mecca, led by a white elephant named Mahmud (and possibly with other elephants - some accounts state there were several elephants, or even as many as eight) in order to destroy the Ka‘bah. Several Arab tribes attempted to fight him on the way, but were defeated.

circa 580 CE

Makkah during the time of Prophet Muhammad pbuh, possibly a screen shot from 1977 movie "The Message".

circa 580 CE

Street view of Makkah, Kabah is on the right side, a corner of the cube and part of Hateem is visible. Screenshot from The Message.

circa 610 CE

Makkah during the time of Prophet (pbuh), the Quraishi era, 12 years before Hijra.

circa 617 CE

Quraish (leaders of Makhzum and Banu Abd-Shams), declare a public boycott against the clan of Banu Hashim.

circa 1450 CE

"Temple of The Kaaba. At Mecca, Arabia". An illustration from Error's Chains by Frank S. Dobbins, (pb. 1883)

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