The Masjid al-Ḥarām (Arabic: المسجد الحرام, literally "the sacred mosque"), also called the Sacred Mosque, and the Grand Mosque or Great Mosque of Mecca, is the largest mosque in the world and surrounds Islam's holiest place, the Kaaba, in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
circa 630 CE
Aerial view of the Masjid al-Haram complex, as in 2013. One of the Five Pillars of Islam requires every Muslim to perform the Ḥajj, one of the largest annual gatherings of people in the world, at least once in their lifetime when able to do so, including circumambulating the Kaaba. The Grand Mosque includes other important significant sites, including the Black Stone, the Zamzam Well, Maqam Ibrahim, and the hills Safa and Marwa. It is always open, regardless of date or time.
circa 2000 BCE
The Kaaba, (Bait ul-Allah) is the focal point of Muslim prayer i.e. Qibla, it is also the focal point of Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages. It is considered by Muslims to be the Bayṫ Allāh (Arabic: بَـيْـت ٱلله, "House of God"), and has a similar role to the Tabernacle and Holy of Holies in Judaism. Being the qiblah (Arabic: قِـبْـلَـة, direction of prayer), Muslims would face it when praying. The Quran contains several verses regarding the origin of the Kaaba. It states that the Kaaba was the first House of Worship, and that it was built by Ibrahim and Ishmael on Allah's instructions.
circa 700 CE
Zam Zam is a water well near Kaaba, which according to Islamic Tradition sprang to quench the thirst of prophet Ishmael (Ismail). Islamic tradition states that the Zamzam Well was revealed to Hajar, the second wife of Ibrahim's and mother of ʾIsmaʿil. The well originally had two cisterns in the first era, one for drinking and one for ablution. In the era of the Abbasid caliph Al-Mansur 771 CE (154/155 Hj.) a dome was built above the well, and it was tiled with marble.
circa 700 CE
al-Safa and al-Marwah are twin hills of Sa'yee at Sacred Mosque. Pilgrims make rounds at these hills from Safa towards Marwah seven times in commemoration of Hajrah doing the same in search of water almost 4000 years ago. The distance between Safa and Marwa is approximately 450 m (1,480 ft). The two points and the path between them are now inside a long gallery that forms part of the mosque.The two mounts are still in Mecca for memory of what Hajira and baby Ishmail had sacrificed for water supplies and food supplies.
circa 700 CE
Bab-i Fatah (Fatah Gate, gate of victory) is one of the five main Gates of Masjid al-Haram. It was from here that the Prophet Muhammad entered during the conquest of Makkah on Friday, 20 Ramadhan 8 Hj. The facade of the gate has four marble pillars with three arches, allowing entrance to the mosque.
|Points of Interest|
|Major||Kabah · Zam Zam · Say'ee Gallery · Maqam e Ibrahim|
|Gates||Bab e Fatah · Bab e Safa · Bab e Malik Abdul Aziz · Bab e Umrah · Bab e Fahad · Bab-i Hudaibiya · Bab-i Medina · Bab ul-Quds · Bab al-Shamiyah · Bab al-Nidwah · Bab-i Umer · Bab-i Qureysh · Bab-i Mina · Bab-i 'Arafah · Bab al-Muhassib · Bab al-Murad · Bab al-Marwah · Bab al-Mud'ae · Bab al-Mu'alah · Bab al-Hujoon · Bab-i Bani Shaeba · Bab al-Salam · Bab al-Nabi · Bab e Abbas · Bab e 'Ali · Bab-i Bani Hashim · Bab-i Dar ul-Arqam · Bab-i Ism'ail · Bab-i Hunain · Bab-i Bilal · Bab-i A'hyar|
|Peaks||al-Safa · al-Marwah|