Kaaba

The Kaaba (Arabic: ٱلْـكَـعْـبَـة‎ al-kaʿbah IPA: [alˈkaʕba], "The Cube"), also referred as al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah (Arabic: ٱلْـكَـعْـبَـة الْـمُـشَـرًّفَـة‎, the Holy Ka'bah), is a building at the center of Islam's most important mosque, that is Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām.

circa 100 CE

The Kaaba is a cuboid stone structure made of granite. It is approximately 13.1 m (43 ft) high (some claim 12.03 m (39.5 ft)), with sides measuring 11.03 m (36.2 ft) by 12.86 m (42.2 ft). Its location determines the qiblah (Arabic: قِبْلَة‎, direction of prayer). Wherever they are in the world, Muslims are expected to face the Kaaba when performing Salah.

circa 100 CE

The entrance is a door set 2.13m (7 ft) above the ground on the north-eastern wall of the Kaaba, which acts as the façade. In 1979 the 300 kg gold doors made by chief artist Ahmad bin Ibrahim Badr, replaced the old silver doors made by his father, Ibrahim Badr in 1942. There is a wooden staircase on wheels, usually stored in the mosque between the arch-shaped gate of Banū Shaybah and the Zamzam Well.

circa 100 CE

al-Ḥajaru al-Aswad, "the Black Stone", is located on the Kaaba's eastern corner. It is revered by Muslims as an Islamic relic which, according to Muslim tradition, dates back to the time of Adam and Eve. According to Islamic tradition, it was set intact into the Kaaba's wall by the prophet Muhammad in 605 CE, five years before his first revelation. Since then it has been broken into fragments and is now cemented into a silver frame in the side of the Kaaba.

circa 100 CE

Mīzāb al-Raḥmah, rainwater spout made of gold. Added in the rebuilding of 1627 after the previous year's rain caused three of the four walls to collapse. It is reported that the Prophet Muhammad supplicated under the Meezab. The first roof over Kaaba was installed during the building by Quraish. Before their construction, there was neither a roof nor a downpipe. Over the years the gutter of Kabah has been remodled, adorned but the dimensions of 'Abdul Majeed were retained.

circa 100 CE

Hatīm also known as Hajr e Ismail, a low semi-circular wall originally part of the Kaaba, opposite, but not connected to, the north-west wall of the Kaaba. This is 90cm (35in) in height and 1.5m (4.9ft) in width, and is composed of white marble. At one time the space lying between the hatīm and the Kaaba belonged to the Kaaba itself, and for this reason it is not entered during the tawaf.

circa 100 CE

Corner of Yemen (South-West), Rukan e Yamani. Pilgrims traditionally acknowledge a large vertical stone that forms this corner. This corner of the Ka’bah is called the Rukan Yamani because it is situated on the side of the Ka’bah facing Yemen. It is on the wall opposite to that of the Hajar al-Aswad. According to Muhammad Taahir al-Makki "the stone in the Yemeni Corner goes back to the time of 'Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr, and that it has remained until our own times".

circa 100 CE

Inside the Kaaba, the floor is made of marble and limestone. The interior walls, measuring 13 m (43 ft) by 9 m (30 ft), are clad with tiled, white marble halfway to the roof, with darker trimmings along the floor. The floor of the interior stands about 2.2 m (7.2 ft) above the ground area where tawaf is performed. One of these pillars dating back to the time of Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr, circa 670 CE, is preserved in Two Holy Mosques' Exhibition in Mecca.

circa 100 CE

The entry door into the Kaaba is approximately three meters above ground level. A removable stairway is needed to access the Kaaba during cleaning and for occasional visits. Jay Bonner was contracted to design the ornament for this ceremonial portable stairway. The work was produced in carved high relief teak wood with inlaid lapis lazuli stone.

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