Gate of Judgement(Israelite Gate)

Gate of Judgement or the Israelite Gate of Tel Dan (Tel al-Qazi) is an iron age gate built circa 800 BCE. This gate was actually a complex of several structures and portals that allowed entry in to the inner city.

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circa 870–750 BCE

Gate of Judgement, the iron age 4-chambered Israelite gate. It is accessed via an open area in front of it. The plaza it self was accessed through another outer gate located in the south-eastern wall.

circa 870–750 BCE

The gate was accessed via an outer gate (1, outer-outer gate) in the south-east wall, this lead in to the plaza (2). The gate of judgement (3, outer gate: pictured above) lead in to the inner section of the gate where the seat of judgement (4, platform) was located. This eventually lead in to the inner gate (6, inner gate) which was built in typical 4-chambered style.

circa 870–750 BCE

The judgement seat or the throne (4), an elder of the city or a recorder might have sat in this to oversee the affairs in this social/market area. The two stepped structure has four deocrated stones with sockets which might have held a canopy. This seat is at the eastern end of a stone bench.

circa 870–750 BCE

The plaza, the entrance portal is in the upper left corner and the incense place is to the right along the wall. The fragmented House of David Stele was found in this area, now in Israel Museum.

circa 870–750 BCE

"The high place at the gates" (mentioned in 2 Kings, 23:8) is located just in front of the outer gate (3). These places were very common at the entrance of cities during this period, and may have held divine icons, idols or other religiously significant items.

circa 870–750 BCE

The gate structure as seen from the north. The two of the four chambers of the inner gate (6) are also visible, with three people entering through the portal.

circa 870–750 BCE

Close up of the outer portal (3), the stone bench where the city elders or the witnesses might have sat can been seen along the back wall. The passage through this gate turns left on entry and passes in front of the Judgement Seat and then turns sharply to the right providing entrance to the inner gate.

circa 870–750 BCE

Looking out the gate (3, outer gate), with the incense place in the distance with a small passage behind it.

circa 870–750 BCE

Looking north-wards with the seat of Judge or recorder to the lower left.

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