Battlefield of Badr

By the Editors of the Madain Project

The battlefield of Badr refers to the site of battle of Badr, situated some 120 kilimeters south-west of Madinah. The battle of Badr was a small armed conflict (see notes) between the Muslims of Medina (known as Yathrib at the time) and the Meccan tribes.

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Overview

Today the relatively plain site of Battle of Badr (the actual battlefield) covers an area of approx. 100,000 square meters and situated near the center of the Badr governorate. On the northern end of the battle ground, Masjid al-Areesh, adjacent to the Abudallah ibn Suraqah road, is situated. On the eastern and southern sides the King Faisal road demarks the boundary.

Brief History of Ghazwah Badr

circa 624 CE

The Battle of Badr, a seminal event in Islamic history, occurred in March 624 CE near the small town of Badr in the Hijaz region of Arabia. The immediate cause of the battle was the interception of a Quraysh caravan returning from Syria by the Muslim forces led by Prophet Muhammad. This interception led to a confrontation between the Muslims, numbering around 313, and the Quraysh army, comprising a larger force. Despite being outnumbered, the Muslims achieved a decisive victory, which is attributed to strategic planning, divine assistance, and the leadership of Prophet Muhammad.

The Battle of Badr had significant consequences, both politically and religiously. It bolstered the morale of the early Muslim community, establishing their military capabilities and solidifying their belief in divine support. Moreover, the victory at Badr enhanced the reputation of Prophet Muhammad as a leader and contributed to the consolidation of Islam in the Arabian Peninsula. The battle marked a turning point in the relations between the Muslims and the Quraysh, leading to subsequent conflicts and ultimately shaping the course of Islamic history.

Notable Islamic Landmarks

circa 624 CE

Katheeb al-Hannan
The Katheeb Hannan (كثيب الحَنّان) is a large sand dune (كثيب رملي) situated near the site of battle of Badr, in the northern part of Badr Governorate. It marks the north-western edge of the valley of Badr. According to the tradition the Muslim forces entered the area or the site of battle of Badr from here.

circa 624 CE

Udwat al-Duniya
The Udwat al-Duniya (العدوة الدنيا) is the area east of the Katheeb al-Hannan, also known as the Abraq al-Hannan (ابرق الحنان). This was the first camp site of the Muslim forces according to the tradition, before moving on the primary camp site where today the Masjid al-Areesh is situated. This name is mentioned in the al-Anfal, chapter 8 verse 42 of the Quran. However, today the site of Udwat al-Duniya is marked near the modern day Masjid al-Areesh.

circa 624 CE

Masjid al-Areesh
The Masjid al-Areesh (مسجد العريش) is a mosque in the Badr governorate, historically identified with the site of Battle of Badr. It is traditionally believed to be located on the spot where an areesh (a crude shaded area made with wooden beams supported on tree trunks) was built for prophet Muhammad on the northern side of the battlefield.

circa 624 CE

Udwat al-Quswa
The al-Udwat al-Quswa (العدوة القصوى), literally meaning the "yonder side" refers to the southern extermity of the site of the Battle of Badr. This is where the primary camp of the Quraishi or Meccan forces was situated during the battle. The name al-Udwat al-Quswa is mentioned in the al-Anfal, chapter 8 verse 42 of the Quran.

circa 624 CE

Jabal al-Malaika
The Jabal al-Malaika (جبل الملائكة), literally meaning the "Mount of Angels", is a small hill situated on the western side of the site of Battle of Badr. It is situated south-west of the Katheeb al-Hannan sand dune, and separated by the link King Abdulaziz road.

According to tradition this is the site where the angels descended from heaven to assist the Muslim forces during the Battle of Badr, as mentioned in the Surah al-Anfal verse 9 and Surah al-Imran verses 123-124.

circa 624 CE

Site of the Battle of Badr
The site of the Battle of Badr (موقع غزوة بدر) lies some 120 kilomters south-west of the Madinah as the crow flies. It is situated in the central part of the valley between the Jabal Asfal range to the west and the ridges of

circa 624 CE

Graveyard of Shohada Badr
The Graveyard of Shuhada Badr () is historic cemetery in the Badr governorate, situated some 550 meters west of the site of the battle of Badr. The martyrs who fought in the Battle of Badr, a significant event in Islamic history, are believed to have been buried here. Located in Saudi Arabia, close to Medina, this sacred site holds the remains of those who bravely participated in the battle alongside Prophet Muhammad. It serves as a place of reverence and reflection for Muslims, commemorating the sacrifices made by the early believers. The graves of the martyrs are revered for their role in defending Islam during a critical period. Although the original number of martyrs is thirteen, the cemetary has expanded over the centuries with Muslims being buried here. Today the cemetary is demarkated by a boundary wall. The modern day cemetary covers an area of some sixty thousand square meters.

circa 624 CE

Memorial Marker of Shohada Badr
The memorial marker of Shuhada Badr is situated east of the graveyard of Shuhada Badr. It is a modern structure, with a marble slab, bearing the names of the martyrs of Badr, framed by a concrete frame atop a pedestal.

The marble slab bears the following names of the Muslim martyrs who fell in the battle of Badr; first six of the following companions were Meccan (Muhajirun) rest were Medinan (natives of Medina, al-Ansaar);

  • 'Umair bin ubi Waqas
  • Safwan bin Wahb
  • Dhu Shimalayn ibn 'abd 'Amr
  • Mihja' ibn Salih
  • 'Aqil bin al-Bukayr
  • 'Ubaydah ibn al-Harith
  • Sa'd ibn Khaythama
  • Mubashir ibn 'abd al-Mundhir
  • Haritha ibn Suraqah
  • Rafi' ibn Mu'ala
  • 'Umayr ibn Humam
  • Yazid ibn al-Harith
  • Mu'awidh ibn al-Harith
  • 'Awf ibn al-Harith

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Notes

See Also

References

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