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1926 Demolitions

On 21 April 1926, the mausoleums in al-Baqi were destroyed by king Ibn Saud with the support of Ibn Abd-ul-Vahab. In the same year, he also demolished the tombs at Mualla Cemetery in Mecca where Muhammad's first wife Khadijah, his grandfather and other ancestors are buried.


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Home > Middle East > Saudi Arabia > 1926 Demolitions of Jannat ul-Baqi and Jannat ul-Mualla


This happened despite protests by the international Islamic community. It is note worthy that although the tombs and mausoleums were demolished no graves were destroyed during the demolition process. Other graves included that of Fatima bint-i Muhammad, Imam Hassan ibn-i 'Ali, Zain ul-'Abideen, Imam Baqir, Imam Jaffar Sadiq.

Notable Sites Before 1926 Demolitions

circa 1800 CE

Jannat ul-Baqi before demolitions

Jannatul Baqi'
The cemetery of Jannat ul-Baqi before 1926 demolitions. The large structure to the extreme right is the Mausoleum of ahl ul-Bayt, the first smaller structure from right to left was of Daughters of the prophet and the square structure at the bottom of the picture was an old mosque. The group of the multiple smaller structures belonged to the prophet Muhammad's wives, Ibrahim ibn Muhammad, Abdullah bin jaffar thayaar, Imam Nafi’i and a few others.

circa 1800 CE

The Mausoleum of ahl-i Bayt

Jannatul Mualla
The Jannat ul-Mu'alla before 1926 demolitions. The largest dome to the left belongs to the tomb of Khadijah. The relatively smaller dome belongs the tomb of Aminah bint Wahab, and the twin domes in the background belong to the tombs of abu Talib, abd Manaf, Hashim ibn Abd Manaf, Abdul Mutallib, Abu Talib and Qasim ibn Muhammad.

circa 1920 CE

Tomb-Mosque of Hamzah
Tomb/Mosque of Hamzah ibn Abdul Muttalib, originally built during the reign of al-Nasir li-Din Allah it was later renovated during Ottoman era, most likely in mid-ninteenth century. The tomb abcutally belongs to two individuals Hamzah ibn Abdul Muttalib and his nephew Abdullah ibn Jahash, after they were martyred in Uhud. It was demolished during the demolitions campaign of 1926 and the complex was divided in two seperate structures, Uhud Martyrs enclave and Sayed al Shohada Mosque.

circa 1920 CE

Dome of the Two Incisors
The Dome of the Two Incisors (قبة الثنايا) was a small commemorative dome near the Mount Uhud, before demolition. It is purportedly located at the spot where the teeth of prophet Muhammad were broken during the battle of Uhud. It was a domed structure with a small forecourt, built during the Ottoman era.

See Also