We need your help, can you chip in?

The Madain Project is growing faster than ever before, and we need your help. As an independent nonprofit, we build and maintain all our own systems, but we don’t charge for access, sell user information, or run ads—instead we're powered by donations averaging $20.

No donation is small, you can make your contributions here. :)

Masjid al-Nabawi (Mosque of the Prophet)

al-Masjid an-Nabawī (Arabic: المسجد النبوي‎), also called the Prophet's Mosque, is a mosque established and originally built by prophet Muhammad, situated in the city of Medina. al-Masjid an-Nabawi was the second mosque built in the history of Islam and is now one of the largest mosques in the world. The current structure dates back to the early years of 1990s.


Home > N/A

Home > Middle East > Saudi Arabia > Medina > Masjid al-Nabawi

Horizon view of the Prophet's Mosque, with the Green Dome far in the background. It is the second-holiest site in Islam, after the Great Mosque in Mecca. It is always open, regardless of date or time. The site was originally adjacent to Muhammad's house; the original mosque was an open-air building and served as a community center, a court, and a school as well.

The mosque is under the control of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. The mosque is located in what was traditionally the center of Medina, with many hotels and old markets nearby. It is a major pilgrimage site. Many pilgrims who perform the Hajj go on to Medina to visit the mosque, due to its connection to Muhammad. The mosque has been extended over the years, the latest being in the mid 1990s. One of the most notable features of the site is the green dome over the centre of the mosque, where the tomb of Prophet Muhammad and early Islamic leaders Abu Bakr and Umar are located

Masjid al-Nabawi

circa 622 CE

Green Dome
The Green Dome (القبة الخضراء‎) is a green-coloured dome built above al-Masjid an-Nabawi, the tomb of the prophet Muhammad and early Muslim Caliphs, Abu Bakr and Umar. The dome is located in the south-east corner of al-Masjid al-Nabawi (Mosque of the Prophet) in Medina. The structure dates back to 1279 CE, when an unpainted wooden cupola was built over the tomb. The dome was first painted green in 1837, and hence became known as the Green Dome.

circa 622 CE

Riyad ul-Jannah, Masjid al-Nabawi

Rawdah Riyad ul-Jannah
Rawdah ul-Jannah (Garden of Paradise) is at the heart of Masjid al-Nabawi. A general view of the area, with Mihrab Nabawi to the far right and Minbar Nabawi to the right. It extends from Muhammad's tomb (Rawdah) to his pulpit (minbar). Ridwan (Arabic: رضوان‎ Riḍwān) means "pleased". In Islamic tradition, Ridwan is the name of an angel in charge of maintaining Jannah.

circa 610 CE

Rawdah Rasool
The iconic golden grills of Rawdah Rasool, (tomb of prophet Muhammad). The Tomb is located in the south-eastern corner of the Ottoman prayer Hall. The grave of prophet Muhammad it self is not visible from any point outside or inside the current grilled structure. The small cmaber containing the grave of prophet Muhammad and two of his companions (abiBakr and Umar) is a small 10'x12' room again surrounded by at least two more walls and one blanket shroud.

circa 622 CE

Bab as-Salam Minaret, Masjid al-Nabawi

Minarets of Masjid an-Nabawi
Bab as-Salam Minaret, located over the Bab as-Salam is one of the total ten minarets of Masjid al-Nabawi, it was added by Muhammad ibn Kalavun and was renovated by Mehmed IV in 1307 CE. After the renovation project of 1994, there were ten minarets which were 104 metres (341 ft) high. The minarets' upper, bottom and middle portion are cylindrical, octagonal and square shaped respectively.

circa 622 CE

Ottoman Prayer Hall
The Ottoman Hall is the oldest part of the mosque and is situated in the southern most part of the modern Masjid an-Nabawi. The Qibla wall is the most adorned wall of Masjid an-Nabawi and dates back to late 1840s reconstruction and expansion of the prophet's mosque by Ottoman Sultan Abdulmajid I. The Qibla wall is adorned with some 185 names of prophet Muhammad. Other inscriptions and calligraphy includes the verses from Quran, a few Hadiths etc.

circa 622 CE

Ottoman Courtyards
First courtyard (حصورة الاولى) with colonnade of first Saudi expansion (left), and Ottoman prayer hall to the right with al-Qubah al-Khaḍrā (القبة الخضراء‎), in background. During the expansion of the mosque the extended courtyard to the north of the Ottoman prayer hall were demolised and rebuilt by al-Saud ibn 'Abdulaziz. While the prayer hall where the tomb of the prophet and Riyad ul-Jannah is located dates back to the Ottoman period. The expansion of ibn 'Abdulaziz has two courtyards, shaded with 12 large umbrellas. Before the modern renovations, maybe before the first Saudi expansion, this area had a small garden (inspect), known as the "Garden of Fatimah" (حديقة فاطمة).

circa 800 CE

The Suffah
al-Suffah (الصُّفّة) or Dikkat Al-Aghwat (دكة الأغوات) is a place that was available at the rear side of Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (Muhammad's Mosque), during the Medina period. Suffah is a rectangular raised platform near Riyad ul-Jannah. This particular location marks the spot where Turk soldiers used to sit under shade while guarding the mosque. It is located near the (north of) Dikkat ul-Tahajjud.

circa 622 CE

Masjid al-Nabawi Library

Library of the Prophet's Mosque
Maktaba Masjid al-Nabawi (Prophet's Mosque Library). Library is located within the western wing of Prophet's Mosque and serves as a modern library and archive of hand written manuscripts and other artefacts. Library has four main sections i.e. the main library, the antique manuscripts hall A and B, the principality exhibition of Masjid al-Nabawi's construction.

circa 622 CE

Bab al-Malik Fahad, Masjid al-Haram

Gates of Masjid an-Nabawi
King Fahad Gate (Bab al-Malik Fahad) is one of the major gates of Prophet's Mosque (Masjid an-Nabawi), it is situated on the nothern side of the mosque. The gate has five portals allowing entry within the mosque and it is topped with two minarets on both sides. Originally mosque of the prophet had only three small doors on three sides, today the mosque has in excess of two hundred gates, portals and access ways to accommodate the swathes of people.

circa 1991 CE

Foundation Stones of Masjid an-Nabawi
Foundation Stones of Masjid al-Nabawi's expansions, construction and other works. The prophet's mosque has undergone various rebuilding, construction and expansion projects, one after the other Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated it. From a small mud wall building measuring some 30.5 m × 35.62 m (100.1 ft × 116.9 ft) today the area of the mosque spans some 1.7 million square feet and can accommodate 0.6-1 million people at a time.

circa 610 CE

Domes of the Prophet's Mosque
Masjid an-Nabawi's second expansion increased the roof area extensively. It has a flat paved roof topped with 27 sliding domes on square bases. Holes pierced into the base of each dome illuminate the interior. The roof is also used for prayer during peak times, when the domes slide out on metal tracks to shade areas of the roof, creating light wells for the prayer hall. The idea of sliding domes to regulate the internal climate of the mosque was conceived by Kamal Ismael.

circa 610 CE

Pizzas and Umbrellas
al-Masjid an-Nabawi Umbrellas are convertible umbrellas erected at the piazza of al-Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina, Saudi Arabia. The shade of the umbrella is spread in the four corners, and the area covered by the shade extends to 143,000 square meters. These umbrellas are aimed to protect worshipers from the heat of the sun during prayer, as well as from the risk of slipping and falling in the event of rain.

circa 610 CE

Jannat ul-Baqi or Baqi ul-Gharqad

Jannat al-Baqi'
Modern day view of the Jannat al-Baqi. According to Islamic Tradition, more than ten thousand companions of prophet Muhammad are buried here. Some of the graves are that of Fatima bint Muhammad, Imam Hassan ibn 'Ali, Zain ul-'Abideen, Imam Baqir, Imam Jaffar Sadiq. Many traditions relate Muhammad issuing a prayer every time he passed it.


See Also


Points of Interest


Green Dome · Silver Dome · Smaller Domes

Bab as Salam · Bab e abi-Bakr al-Siddiqe · Bab ur-Rahmah · Bab al Hijrah · Bab e Quba · King Saud Gate · Bab al-Aqiq · Bab Sultan 'Abdul Majeed · Bab e Umar ibn al-Khattab · Badr Gate · Bab Malik al-Fahad · Bab Uhud · Bab Uthman ibn Affan · Bab 'Ali ibn abi Talib · Bab Abuzr Ghiffari · Bab Malik 'Abdulaziz · Bab Makkah · Bab e Bilal Habashi · Bab e Nisa · Bab e Jibraeel · Bab al Baqi · Gate of Imams

Bab us-Salam Minaret · Minaret of Qaitabey



Qibla Wall · Muazzin's platform (Mukabariyya) · Library · Multimedia · Fundation Stones · Antique Manuscripts Hall · Riyad ul-Jannah · Jannat ul-Baqi · Masjid Nabawi Piazza