New Kingdom Temple of Satet (Elephantine)

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The New Kingdom Temple of Satet is an ancient Egyptian temple, now an archaeological site, on the Island of Elephantine dating back to the reign of Hatshepsut. Although it existed previously, but during the New Kingdom period, the ancient Egyptian temple of Satet was built anew under queen Hatshepsut (1507–1458 BCE) in the early 18th Dynasty and further enlarged by her successor, Thutmose III.

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The sanctuary of the new temple was placed directly over the sanctuary of the older periods. Evidently the New Kingdom temple kept the old tradition of the sanctuary's place.

There are indications for further construction work during the 26th Dynasty (664–525 BCE), but very little of that temple has survived.


circa 1500 BCE

The temple was then a solid rectangular building, some 15.9×9.52 meters (52.2×31.2 feet) in size, completely surrounded by a 20.10×13.52 meters (65.9×44.4 feet) walkway that had 7×10 pillars on the outside. There are several blocks of a gateway that was once about 7.35 meters (24.1 feet) high, that led to a brick enclosure wall, the latter perhaps once belonging to the temple. Shortly before the Persian conquest of Egypt, pharaoh Amasis II (570–526 BCE) added a colonnade or kiosk to the temple. Six limestone columns and screen walls were found.


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