Hi there! Until February 2021 all the costs were being funded by the volunteers, but recently due to the rise in costs it is becoming difficult to cover the costs. If everyone reading this would donate just $5, our fundraiser would be over in less than an hour.
No donation is small, you can make your contributions here. :)
The lower city is located on the north-west foothills of the fortress. The lower city structures contained offices of the district capital, palace rooms for the visitors and family, Roman garden, and a lake. It extended beyond the modern road, and include another bathhouse and other structures.
From 1972, excavations were carried out by Ehud Netzer, working on behalf of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and they were intermittent until the archaeologist's death in 2010. Netzer excavated mostly the lower palace, at the base of the hill.
The pool with its small circular island in the middle is most impressive and prominent feature in the wilderness. The remains of the colonnaded garden are clear. A few remains of the water channel have been found on the way from Jerusalem to Herodion. The artificial island at the pool's center is thought to have sported 3 floors: a nice place to enjoy the breeze and eat a bite, or just relax.
- Herodium (Herodion) National Park Archived 2016-04-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Nir Hasson (October 11, 2013). "Archaeological stunner: Not Herod's Tomb after all?". Haaretz.
- "New Excavations Strengthen Identification Of Herod's Grave At Herodium". ScienceDaily. 19 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-19.
- "Archaeologist Netzer dies after fall during excavation". The Jerusalem Post - JPost.com. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
- Yolande Knell (2013-02-16). "Modern politics overshadows Israel's historic Herod exhibit". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- "Holy Land excavation digs into Mideast rifts". AFP. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- Kersel, Morag M. (2015). "Fractured oversight: The ABCs of cultural heritage in Palestine after the Oslo Accords". Journal of Social Archaeology. 15: 24–44. doi:10.1177/1469605314557586.
- "2,000-year-old 'Pilate' ring just might have belonged to notorious Jesus judge". timesofisrael.
- Mueller, Tom (December 2008). "Herod: The Holy Land's Visionary Builder". National Geographic.
- Jacqueline Schaalje. "Herodion". Its date, of the first century CE, makes it one of the oldest synagogues in Israel.
- Virginio Canio Corbo, Herodion. I: Gli edifici della reggia-fortezza, Jerusalem 1989
- Magness, Jodi (2001). "Where Is Herod's Tomb At Herodium?". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research: 43.
- "Herodium – King Herod's Palace-Fortress". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- Joseph Patrich and Benjamin Arubas (2015). "Revisiting the Mausoleum at Herodium: Is it Herod's Tomb?". Palestine Exploration Quarterly. 147 (4): 299–315.
- Isachar Canetti, Hedva; Isachar, Hanan; Hazel Arieli; Moshe Yanai (2004). Images of the Holy Land. Hanan Isachar Photography. p. 71. ISBN 9789652800855.