Armenian Station of the Holy Women (Holy Sepulchre)

By the Editors of the Madain Project

The shrine is the Armenian Station of the Holy Women is a small circular slab with four pillars surmounted by a marble canopy. It commemorates Jesus’ mother and her companions who viewed the crucifixion. On the wall behind the shrine, a large mosaic recalls the scene. The Armenians’ sacristy is on the left. From this position the Aedicule can be seen.


Located south of the Aedicule (to the right) is the "Place of the Three Marys", marked by a stone canopy and a large modern wall mosaic. From here one can enter the Armenian monastery which stretches over the ground and first upper floor (stairs to the left) of the church's southeastern part.

The Three Marys or Maries is a term referring to the women mentioned in the canonical gospels narratives of the Crucifixion and the Resurrection, several of whom were, or have been considered by Christian tradition, to have been named Mary.

Construction Details

circa 325 CE

The circular slab commemorates the station from where the Mary Mother of Jesus is said to have watched the crucifixion along her companions. The three Mary's that the Gospel of John mentions are; Mary (mother of Jesus), Mary Magdalene, and Mary of Clopas. The Gospels other than that of John do not mention Jesus' mother or Mary of Clopas as being present. Instead they name Mary of Jacob (Mark and Matthew), Salome (Mark), and the mother of the sons of Zebedee (Matthew).

Representation in Art

circa 325 CE

Dura-Europos church
What may be the earliest known representation of three women visiting the tomb of Jesus is a fairly large fresco in the Dura-Europos church in the ancient city of Dura Europos on the Euphrates. The fresco was painted before the city's conquest and abandonment in 256 CE, but it is from the 5th century that representations of either two or three women approaching a tomb guarded by an angel appear with regularity, and become the standard depiction of the Resurrection.

Location Inside the Holy Sepulchre

circa 325 CE

The station of Three Marys is located within the Holy Sepulchre Church situated on the top of the hill in Jerusalem known as Golgotha stands the holiest Christian shrine in the Old City, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre – the site of Jesus’ Tomb.


See Also


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