Rizvaniye Mosque (Sanliurfa)

By the Editors of the Madain Project

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The Rizvaniye Mosque-Madrasa (Turkish: Rızvaniye Camii) is mid-eighteenth century CE Ottoman mosque and school in the city of Sanliurfa. Located in Urfa, the Rızvaniye Mosque is a more recent Ottoman mosque built in 1736 CE, adjoining the Balıkligöl complex near the Mevlid-i Halil Mosque.

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The mosque was commissioned by Rizwan Ahmad Pasha (Turkish: Rıdvan Ahmet Pasha), who was the governor of Raqqa at the time. The mosque is built in the middle of a garden surrounded by a madrasa on three sides.


circa 1736 CE

The most attractive part of its structure is its green courtyard opening to Balıklı Lake and its entrance gate. Its wooden gate is made bytraditional merging and engraving techniques without using any nail. There is also a U-shaped madrasa framing the courtyard of the mosque. This madrasa was built in 1775 CE following the construction of the mosque. At the centre of the north edge of the yard, there is a domed classroom/prayer room. The Madrasa was renovated in 1992-1993 CE.

The small mosque was provided with an altar, three domes, and one minaret with a balcony. The entrance door to the women’s prayer hall was made using two colored materials. The main place of worship is characterized by its bright courtyards and windows that open from All directions, the most interesting part of the building is the entrance door, which is decorated with rich floral and geometric patterns.

To the east of the mosque is a minaret with a single balcony.

circa 1736 CE

Interior/Main Prayer Hall
The three domed (one in the center being larger) rectangular interior is simple. The pulpit is a small balcony carved out of stone.

Balikligol Lake of Sacred Fish

circa 1736 BCE

Pool of Abraham, Sanliurfa

The legendary Pool of Abraham or Sacred Fish (Balıklıgöl) where Abraham was thrown into the fire by Nimrod. The pool is in the courtyard of the mosque of Halil-ur-Rahman, built by the Ayyubids in 1211 CE and now surrounded by the attractive Gölbaşı-gardens designed by architect Merih Karaaslan. The courtyard is where the fishes thrive. A local legend says seeing a white fish will open the door to the heavens.

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