Rock of Gibraltar

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The "Rock of Gibraltar", known in Arabic as the Jabal al-Tariq, is a monolithic limestone promontory located in the British territory of Gibraltar, near the southwestern tip of Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, and near the entrance to the Mediterranean.

Overview

Evidence of Neanderthal habitation in Gibraltar from around 50,000 years ago has been discovered at Gorham's Cave. The caves of Gibraltar continued to be used by Homo sapiens after the final extinction of the Neanderthals.

Numerous potsherds dating from the Neolithic period have been found in Gibraltar's caves, mostly of types typical of the Almerian culture found elsewhere in Andalusia, especially around the town of Almería, from which it takes its name. There is little evidence of habitation in the Bronze Age when people had largely stopped living in caves.

Archaeological Structures

circa 711 CE

Moorish Castle
The Moorish Castle is the name given to a medieval fortification in Gibraltar (Jabal al-Tariq) comprising various buildings, gates, and fortified walls, with the dominant features being the Tower of Homage and the Gate House. Tariq is said to have built initial fortifications (completed circa 742 CE) on the site to secure his communications with Africa. The Tower of Homage is clearly visible to all visitors to Gibraltar; not only because of its striking construction, but also because of its dominant and strategic position. Although sometimes compared to the nearby alcazars in Spain, the Moorish Castle in Gibraltar was constructed by the Marinid dynasty, making it unique in the Iberian Peninsula.

circa 711 CE

Moorish Gatehouse

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See Also

References

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