Kitab Tabqat al-Kubra

The Kitab Tabaqat al-Kubra (كتاب طبقات الكبرى) in Arabic (translation: The Book of the Major Classes), is a compendium of biographical information about famous Islamic personalities. This eight-volume work contains the lives of Muhammad, his Companions and Helpers, including those who fought at the Battle of Badr as a special class, and of the following generation, the Followers, who received their traditions from the Companions. Ibn Sa'd's authorship of this work is attested in a postscript to the book added by a later writer. In this notice he is described as a "client of al-Husayn ibn ‘Abdullah of the ‘Abbasid family".

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Volume 1, Parts 1.50.1

Account of the First Hijrah of the Companions of the Apostle of Allah To Abyssinia

Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us: Hisham Ibn Sa'd informed us on the authority of al-Zuhri; he said: When the number of the Muslims grew and the faith became known and the subject of common talk, the unbelievers of the Quraysh attacked, tortured and imprisoned them; they wanted to reconvert them. Thereupon the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said: Be scattered in the earth. They said: Where (are we) to go, 0 Apostle of Allah? He said: That way, and pointed towards Abyssinia, and it was the dearest of lands to migrate to. Many Muslims migrated; some of them with their families and the others without them. Ultimately they reached Abyssinia.

Vol. 1, Part 50. [P. 136]

Volume 1, Parts 1.50.2

Account of the First Hijrah of the Companions of the Apostle of Allah To Abyssinia

Muhammad lbn `Umar informed us; he said: Yunus Ibn Muhammad related to me on the authority of his father; (second chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: `Abd al-Hamid Ibn Yes`far related to me on the authority of Muhammad Ibn Yahya Ibn Habban; he said: The name of the men and women (who migrated) are (I) 'Uthmŕn Ibn' Affan) with his wife Ruqayyah, the daughter of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, (2) Abu Hudhayfah Ibn 'Utbah Ibn Rabi` ah with his wife Sahlah, the daughter of Suhayl Ibn 'Amr, (3) al-Zubayr Ibn al-`Awwŕm Ibn Khuwaylid Ibn Asad, (4) Mus'ab lbn` Umayr Ibn Hashim Ibn `Abd Manaf Ibn` Abd al- Dar, (5) `Abd al-Rahman Ibn` Awf Ibn `Abd` Awf Ibn `Abd Ibn al-Harith Ibn Zuhrah, (6) Abu Salamah Ibn` Abd al-Asad Ibn Hilál Ibn `Abd Allah Ibn Makhzum with his wife Umm Salamah, the daughter of Abu Umayyah Ibn al-Mughirah, (7) 'Uthman Ibn Maz`un al-Jumahi (8)' Amir Ibn Rabi`ah al-ʻAnzi, the ally of Banu 'Adi Ibn Ka`b with his wife Layla, the daughter of Abu Hathmah, (9) Abu Sabrah Ibn Abi Ruhm Ibn `Abd al`Uzza al-'Amiri, [P.137] (10) Hatib Ibn `Amr Ibn` Abd Shams, (11) Suhayl Ibn Bayda, a member of the tribe of Banu al-Harith Ibn Fihr, and (12) `Abd Allah Ibn Mas'ud the ally of Banu Zuhrah.

Vol. 1, Part 50. [P. 136]

Volume 1, Parts 1.50.3

Account of the First Hijrah of the Companions of the Apostle of Allah To Abyssinia

Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us: Yunus Ibn Muhammad al-Zafari informed us on the authority of his father, the authority of a man of his tribe; (second chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: 'Ubayd Allah Ibn al-ʻAbbas al-Hudhali informed us on the authority of al-Harith Ibn al-Fudayl; they said: They (Muslims) secretly migrated and their number consisted of eleven men and four women, until they reached al-Shu`aybah. Some of them were riding while others were walking on foot. When they reached (the coast), luckily two boats of the merchants (were there); they boarded them, paying half a dinar each. Their migration took place in the month of Rajab in the fifth year after the discussion or prophethood of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him. The Quraysh followed them; but when they reached the coast they had boarded (the boats); they did not find them. They (emigrants) said: We landed in Abyssinia where we got the best of neighbors, and were therefore in peace about our faith; we worshiped Allah and we were not hurt, nor did we hear any word displeasing to us.

Vol. 1, Part 50. [P. 136]

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