Migration to Abyssinia (Hijra)

Muslims migrated twice to Habshah (Abyssinia) first in 613 CE and second in 616 CE to flee from the persecutions of Qureysh. First Migration comprised of eleven men and four women, the Second Migration comprised of eighty three men and fourteen women.


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circa 614 CE

The silver coin with the depiction of king Armah, minted during his reign.

circa 614 CE

Possible Route of First Migration from Mecca to Habsha. The route is not mentioned in any of the Muslim sources, but most probable rout can be Incense Route used by Frankincense traders during the antiquity. The migrants would have travelled from Mecca to Ma'rib in the Kingdom of Saba (modern day Yemen) then to Timna (Yemen) and then to either the sea port of Muza or Aden where they would have boarded a merchant ship heading towards the Ethiopian ports of Adulis and finally from there to Aksum the capital of Abyssinian Kingdom of Najashi

circa 614 CE

The route of the Second Migration was most probably same as that of First Migration to Habshah (Abyssinia). The group left Mecca and headed towards the Shuaiba port, where they boarded a ship to cross the Red Sea. They reached at the Adulis port of Eritrea from there they traveled to Axum, capital of of Najashi Ashama ibn-Abjar. The only difference was the return route, Muslims returned to Medina rather than Mecca.

circa 610 CE

According to an Islamic tradition as-Sahabah Mosque is the oldest mosque built in Eritrea by the first Muslim Migrants when they first arrived in Abyssinia. They built a Mosque so they could pray, and named it al-Sahaba Mosque. Sahaba in Arabic means companions, and that is to imply that al-Sahaba Mosque was built by the companions of Prophet Muhammed. That makes this Mosque the first in Africa. The mosque was renovated most recently in the twentieth century, and currently is not fuctional.

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