Çatalhöyük

By the Editors of the Madain Project

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The Çatalhöyük is an archaeological tell of a very large Neolithic and Chalcolithic proto-city settlement in ancient Anatolia, which existed from approximately 7500 BCE to 6400 BCE and reached its peak around 7000 BCE.

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See Subject   Home > Europe > Turkey / Anatolia > Catalhoyuk

Overview

The ancient Çatalhöyük, also spelled as Çatal Höyük and Çatal Hüyük, an archaeological mound created due to long-term human settlement, is situated southeast of the present-day city of Konya (ancient Iconium) in Turkey, approximately 140 kilometers (87 miles) from the twin-coned volcano of Mount Hasan.

Çatalhöyük was composed entirely of domestic buildings with no obvious public buildings. While some of the larger rooms have rather ornate murals, the purpose of others remains unclear.

Archaeology

circa 7000 BCE

North Shelter
The North Shelter of Çatalhöyük, designed and built in 2008 CE, is a protective structure built over a portion of the Çatalhöyük archaeological remains in Türkiye. This shelter helps preserve and protect the ancient remains from environmental elements such as rain, wind, and sun damage. It also provides a controlled environment for archaeologists and visitors to study and observe the site safely and comfortably.

Inside the North Shelter, where people inhabited nearly 8,800 years ago, there are several excavated structures from the Neolithic period, including Building 49. This building and others within the shelter showcase the advanced architectural techniques of the time and give insight into the daily lives and culture of the inhabitants of Çatalhöyük. The shelter's design includes features like a wooden roof and walls made of steel and polycarbonate sheets, ensuring both stability and protection for the ancient structures beneath it. This design allows natural light to filter through, enabling better visibility for researchers and visitors.

Model Houses

circa 7000 BCE

In 2017 CE, four replica / model houses were constructed near the Çatalhöyük Visitor's Center. These model houses are an excellent way to help people visualize the day to day life at ancient Çatalhöyük.

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See Also

References

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