The Via Dolorosa, 'Way of Suffering', (طريق الآلام) is a processional route in the Old City of Jerusalem, believed to be the path that Jesus walked on the way to his crucifixion. The winding route from the former Antonia Fortress, now al-Umariyya School, to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre — a distance of about 600 metres (2,000 feet) is a celebrated place of Christian pilgrimage. The current route has been established since the 18th century, replacing various earlier versions. The processional was is called by several names, most commonly known naes are "Way of Grief," "Way of Sorrow," "Way of Suffering" or simply "Painful Way".
The Via Dolorosa is not one street, but a route consisting of segments of several streets. One of the main segments is the modern remnant of one of the two main east-west routes (Decumanus) through the Roman city of Aelia Capitolina. The first reports of a pilgrimage route dates from the Byzantine era.