Umayyad Mosque

The Umayyad Mosque, also known as the Great Mosque of Damascus, located in the old city of Damascus, is one of the largest and oldest mosques in the world. It is considered by some Muslims to be the fourth-holiest place in Islam.


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circa 700 CE

Umayyad Mosque in Damascus

Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, the main building compound and the courtyard.

circa 700 CE

Minaret of Jesus (right), Umayyad Mosque in Damascus

Minaret of Jesus is the tallest of all minarets of Umayyad Mosque in Damascus. It was was destroyed at the hands of as-Salih Ayyub while besieging as-Salih Ismail in 1245 and was later rebuilt with little decoration.

circa 790 CE

Treasury Dome is one of the domes of Umayyad Mosque where the treasury funds and some Greek and other historic manuscripts used to be stored until late 17th century.

circa 790 CE

Shrine of John the Baptist (Maqam-i Ra's-i Nabi Yahya). According to Islamic and Christian tradition, (legend had it that) Saint John's head was buried there. Ibn al-Faqih relays the story that during the construction of the mosque, workers found a cave-chapel which had a box containing the head of St. John the Baptist, or Yaḥyā ibn Zakarīyā in Islam. Upon learning of that and examining it, al-Walid I ordered the head buried under a specific pillar in the mosque that was later inlaid with marble.

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