Tower of David (Jerusalem Citadel)

The Tower of David also known as Jerusalem Citadel

Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. Tower of David as seen from the Phasael Tower, over looking the citadel courtyard. The minaret is not part of the original complex, it was added much later in 1635 by the Turkish rulers.
c. The crusader era main entrance to the citadel. It is the outer section of a draw-bridge entrance.
c. The Phasael Tower, partially preserved in the Citadel of Jerusalem has been identified as either the Phasael Tower or the Hippicus Tower described by Josephus.
c. The Model of Jerusalem by Stephen Illes is a 1:500 scale model of the city of Jerusalem. The scale model reflects the city under the later stages of Ottoman rule. It is currently among the exhibitions at the Tower of David Museum in Jerusalem.
c. The citadel moat served as part of its defenses, as seen from the base of the Phasael tower. It's size was significantly reduced when Sultan Suleiman made changes to the citadel’s entranceway in the 16th century. It contains unique archeological findings, including the remains of a quarry from the First Temple period and the remains of monumental steps, probably from Herod’s palace which was located nearby.
c. Masjid al-Qala'a also known as Masjid al-Sayf, orginally built during Mamluk period probably. First definitive mention of the mosque is from 1531-32 CE during it's reconstruction during the reign of Caliph Suleiman. The mosque functioned as an open-air area for prayers and has no distinctive external facade. The mosque is closed to public as of December 2015.
c. Byzantine Cistern (arched structed in lower foreground)
c. The rounded corner tower measuring 10 m. in diameter, from which 4-m. thick walls extend to the north and to the west. During Muslim rule in the 8th century CE, a new citadel was established. The precise plan of this citadel is not known, as severe damage was caused when the Crusaders built their citadel. It was located in the south-eastern corner of the courtyard. Probably this tower stood at the corner of a new wall, which ran north and south. If we assume that the Arabs left the Hasmonean/Herodian wall as their western limit, the outlines of the Arab fort become clear.
c. Remains of Hasmonean/Herodian ear wall, which was strengthened by Herod and later rulers, runs north-east to south-west through the inner archaeological garden.
c. Saladin (right) and Richard the Lionheart (left), King of England, an equestrian statue in front of David Citadel. It is one of the several reliefs installed at and around the Jerusalem Citadel including a 19th century model of Jerusalem, Statue of King David.
c. 1700 CE The Kishle was erected in 1834 by Ibrahim Pasha who governed the Land of Palestine from Egypt. It can be accessed from the dry moat which surrounds the Citadel or through a Crusader era hall in the Museum.
c. 1700 CE Masjid e Sayf is located within the Qal'a (Citadel ) of Jerusalem, along the southern part of the Citadel's eastern barbican. Sultan Suleyman I ordered a major restoration of the Citadel, including this mosque, in the early Ottoman period, as the mihrab bears the name of Sulayman al-Qanuni (The Lawgiver).
Latest Update: June 16, 2018


Points of InterestPart of
Towers/MinaretsPhasael Tower · Minaret () · Ottoman Towers ·
Mosque(s)Masjid al-Qala'a · Masjid e SayfMosques in Jerusalem
Exhibit(s)Illes Relief (19th century model of Jerusalem) · Statue of David · Model of Dome of Rock · Equestrian Stautes of Salah al-Din and Richard the Lion Heart · Citadel Model · Crusader Era Jerusalem · Temple Warning Inscription Replica ·
Other(s)Spice Garden · Moat · The Kishle ·
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