Tomb of Uthman ibn Affan

By the Editors of the Madain Project

The Tomb of Uthman ibn Affan (مقبرة عثمان بن عفان), also the Mausoleum of Uthman ibn Affan, was a domed Ottoman mausoleum inside the Jannat ul-Baqi cemetery, Medina. The dome over the grave of Uthman ibn Affan was the first to be built in the Baqi ul-Gharqad cemetery.

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The mausoleum was first destroyed circa 1810, and it was rebuilt after the Ottomans took control around 1850. The rebuilt tomb was destroyed in the 1925/26 demolitions for the second and final time, since then the grace has only a mark-less headstone and a stone boundry. Richard Francis Burton, who visited Medina in 1853 disguised as an Afghan Muslim named "Abdullah", said that there were fifty-five mosques and shrines after the reconstruction by the Ottomans. Also, Ibrahim Rifat Pasha, an Egyptian official travelling between 1901 and 1908, described sixteen domes marking individual and/or a collection of graves.

The Mausoleum of Uthman ibn Affan

The Grave

circa 650 CE

The grave of Uthman ibn Affan

The grave of Uthman ibn Affan (ضريح عثمان بن عفان) today in modern Baqi ul-Gharqad After the Shahada, his body was carried to Jannat al-Baqi, the Muslim graveyard. It appeared that some people gathered there, and they resisted the burial of Uthman in the graveyard of the Muslims. The supporters of Uthman insisted that the body should be buried in Jannat al-Baqi. They later buried him in the Jewish graveyard behind Jannat al-Baqi. Some decades later, the Umayyad rulers demolished the wall separating the two cemeteries and merged the Jewish cemetery into the Muslim one to ensure that his tomb was now inside a Muslim cemetery.

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