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Tomb of Aaron

Tomb attributed to Haroun (مقام النبي هارون), the Islamic tradition places it on Mount Hor, near Petra in Jordan. The area around Petra is dominated by hills and rocky prominences, with the tombs of Aaron and Miriam located on the tallest, Jabal Haroun, or Aaron’s Mountain.

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circa 1400 CE

The small Islamic white-washed mosque (weli) still can be seen on the top of the mountain is from the mid-14th century originally said to be built above the tomb of Aaron (illustration) and most probably on an earlier structure. Indeed, Josephus and Eusebius both describe its location above the city of Petra. This site at Jabal Hārūn (Aaron's Mountain) is occasionally visited by Jewish pilgrims as well as Muslims.

circa 1400 CE

A tablet with Arabic inscription over the entrance states that the shrine was built by Mohammad, son of Calaon, Sultan of Egypt at his father's command, in the year 739 of the Hegira (about 1363) and that it was restored later around 1495. Mount Hor is usually associated with the mountain near Petra in Jordan, known in Arabic as Jabal Hārūn (Aaron's Mountain), upon the summit of which a mosque was built in the 14th century.

circa 1400 CE

The interior of the small Ottoman era prayer hall, with mehrab wall. The green cloth behind the middle pillar covers the cenotaph of Aaron's supposed grave. Aaron was the only character whose death was given a date explicitly in the Bible (Numbers 33:38) – the first day of the month of Av.

circa 1400 CE

The path continues up the hill near the monastery. It runs to the peak, which is crowned with a small but brilliantly white dome-crowned mausoleum. This is the Tomb of Aaron, Petra’s most sacred building. It is sometimes mistaken for a church, but is in actuality a mosque dating back to the 14th century. It is indeed just a simple, unadorned small stone-built squared structure with the whitewashed dome on top.

circa 1400 CE

Eusebius, the 4th century Church historian, mentioned Mount Hôr near Petra. Some Byzantine records refer to Mâr Harûn as a place frequented by monks during their walks around the Dead Sea during Lent, but the location of this toponym is uncertain. An important information was provided by AlMas’ûdî (mid-10th century) who specified Jabal Hârûn as a holy mountain of the Christians in the possession of the Melkites. A Byzantine era monastery-complex has recently been excavated by a finish team of archaeologists.

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