Precinct of Amun-Re

This is the largest of the precincts of the temple complex, and is dedicated to Amun-Re, the chief deity of the Theban Triad.

Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 360 BCE The first pylon, the facade of the Amun-Re precinct with avenue of the sphinxes leading up to the entrance. Construction of the current pylon began in 30th dynasty, but was never totally completed. There are large numbers of mud bricks piled up against the inside of the 113m wide and 15m thick pylon. N/A
c. 660 BCE The main temple was entered via this quay now dry and several hundred metres from the Nile. In the middle of the wharf the ramp built by Taharqa. N/A
c. 1200 BCE Barque (boat) shrines of Seti II, these were built in the time of Seti II, and are dedicated to The Triad of Gods. The left most was dedicated to Mut, centeral was dedicated to Amun and right one was dedicated to Khonsu. N/A
c. 660 BCE Kioask of Taharqa, in order to construct this kiosk, the ram-sphinx corridor was removed and the statues moved to the edges of the open court. Only one column remains in place, bearing inscriptions by Taharqa, Psamtik II and Ptolemy IV Philopator. N/A
c. 1180 BCE Temple of Rameses III is located on the south side of the forecourt, the inscriptions inside the temple show the king slaughtering captives, whilst Amun-Re looks on. N/A
c. 1300 BCE Second Pylon with entrance to the great hypostyle hall was built by Horemheb near the end of his reign and only partly decorated by him. Several modifications to the reliefs and inscriptions were made by Rameses I and Rameses II. Pylon's roof collapsed in late antiquity and was later restored in Ptolemaic times. N/A
c. 1260 BCE Great hypostyle hall was begun by Seti I, and completed by Ramesses II. The outer walls depict scenes of battle, Seti I on the north and Ramesses II on the south. Adjoining the southern wall of Ramesses II is another wall that contains the text of the peace treaty he signed with the Hittites. N/A
c. 1386 BCE Remains of the third pylon, though much ruined, in antiquity it was quite splendid and parts of it were even plated in gold by pharaoh Amenhotep III. In building the Third Pylon, Amenhotep dismantled a number of older monuments, including a small gateway he himself built earlier in the reign. N/A
c. 1386 BCE Scarab of Amenhotep III is located in the northern eastern corner of the sacred lake of king Thotmoses III. This red granite scarab sculpted atop a small pillar is the largest known scarab sculpture. N/A
c. 1400 BCE The First Court (cachette court), over 900 statues were discovered in 1903 by Georges Legrain buried under this open court. These had been buried there, probably in the Ptolemaic period, during one of the clearances of the complex for rebuilding or construction. N/A
c. 1400 BCE Sacred Lake, was where priests purified themselves before performing rituals in the temple. The sound and light show is now viewed from a seating area next to the lake. N/A
c. 950 BCE White Chapel of Senusret I as seen looking from south towards north, is made of limestone. Its columns hold reliefs of a very high quality, which are hardly seen elsewhere at Karnak, and depicts Pharaoh Senusret being crowned and embraced by Amun, Horus, Min and Ptah. Located in the Open Air Museum. N/A
c. 1460 BCE Red Chapel of Hatsehpsut, originally constructed as a barque shrine during the reign of Hatshepsut is now located in the Open Air Museum. The chapel consists of two open courts and is approximately 18 metres long, 6 m wide, and 5.5 m high. Its upper portion is made of red quartzite (hence the name); the foundation is built of black diorite. N/A
c. 1460 BCE Akhmenu Temple (Festival Hall of Thutmose III), located at the heart of the Precinct of Amun-Re, in the Karnak Temple Complex. The edifice is normally translated as "the most glorious of monuments". N/A
c. 1460 BCE Temple of Ptah lies to the north of the main Amun temple, just within the boundary wall. The building was erected by the Pharaoh Thutmose III on the site of an earlier Middle Kingdom temple. This temple is dedicated to the ancient Egyptian god Ptah, his wife Sekhmet the goddess of war, and his son Nefertum. N/A
Latest Update: October 29, 2018
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