Temple of Winged Lions
The temple’s spiritual focus was likely a statue or an unadorned standing stone, representative of the goddess al-Uzza, that was set atop the podium and around which priests and devotees would circle. The walls and columns of the temple’s inner sanctum were brightly painted with floral and figurative designs, while small recesses and niches surrounding the podium held offerings and idols emblematic of the goddess.
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The Temple of the Winged Lions is a large sacred complex with an ascending staircase, a grand entrance flanked by columns, and an inner cultic chamber with a raised podium. While most of the columns had Corinthian-style capitals, the dozen columns surrounding the main podium were adorned with the unique “winged lion” capitals that give the monument its name.
- Markoe, Glen, ed. (2003). Petra rediscovered : lost city of the Nabataeans. New York: Harry N. Abrams, in association with the Cincinnati Art Museum.
- "Temple of the Winged Lions-Art Destination Jordan". Retrieved 2019-05-13.
- Meza, Alicia I. (1995). "An Egyptian Statuette in Petra". Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt. 32: 181–182.
- Jones, Richard N. (1989). "A New Reading of the Petra Temple Inscription". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. 275: 41–46.
- "About the TWLCRM Initiative". American Center of Oriental Research. Retrieved 2019-05-13.