Temple of Solomon (First Temple)

According to the Bible, Solomon's Temple (Beit HaMikdash), also known as the First Temple, was the Holy Temple in ancient Jerusalem, on the Haram al-Sharif (Temple Mount), before its destruction by Nebuchadnezzar II after the Siege of Jerusalem of 587 BCE. There is no archaeological evidence for the existence of Solomon's Temple. According to the biblical sources, the temple was constructed under King Solomon in the tenth century BCE.

circa 957 CE

The Hebrew Bible states the temple was constructed under Solomon, king of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah and that during the Kingdom of Judah, the temple was dedicated to Yahweh. Temple worship included ritual sacrifice and ritual cleanings. It is said to have housed the Ark of the Covenant. Because of the religious sensitivities involved, and the politically volatile situation in Jerusalem, only limited archaeological surveys of the Temple Mount have been conducted.

circa 957 CE

The exact location of the Temple is unknown: it is believed to have been situated upon the hill which forms the site of the 1st century Second Temple and present-day Temple Mount, where the Dome of the Rock is situated. The only source of information on the First Temple is the Tanakh. The Bible describes Hiram I of Tyre who furnished architects, workmen and cedar timbers for the temple of his ally Solomon at Jerusalem. He also co-operated with Solomon in mounting an expedition on the Red Sea.

circa 1000 BCE

Computer generated 3D reconstruction of the City of David during the time of King Solomon. The Bible says Jerusalem was a Jebusite city, which was captured by troops under King David. Schmid and Rupprecht are of the view that the site of the temple used to be a Jebusite shrine which Solomon chose in an attempt to unify the Jebusites and Israelites.

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