Tel Shiloh

Shiloh (/ˈʃaɪloʊ/; Hebrew: שִׁלוֹ ,שִׁילֹה ,שִׁלֹה, and שִׁילוֹ variably) was an ancient city in Samaria mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. It has been positively identified with modern Khirbet Seilun, a tell or archaeological mound, called in Modern Hebrew Tel Shiloh.

circa 870–750 BCE

Jamia el Yeteim is a low building of stone, roughly squared, with a door on the north. It has a mihrab on the south, and is divided into two aisles, being rather longer east and west than north and south. There is an outer stairway to the roof. South of this is a small birkeh with steps to it". Today, the al-Yatim Mosque (Jami’ al-Yatim) stands at the heart of the site on top of the remains of a Byzantine Church. The mosque was used by the residents of Qaryut until the end of the 1970s. The remains of another mosque, Jami’ al-Sittin (Mosque of the Sixty) – is located in the entrance to the parking lot across from the present-day visitors’ center.

circa 350 CE

Byzantine era basilica at Khirbat e Seilun, located near the Masjid al-Yatim (Mosque of the Orphans). Discovered and reconstructed in 1930s by a team of Danish archaeologists, the current building stands on top of the 4th century CE Byzantine remains. Situated about 90 meters away from the southern hillside.

circa 350 CE

The olive oil press unearthed during a recent (2015 CE) excavation headed by archaeologist Dr. Ofer Gat. A large stock of charred olive pits was found near the press, along with shards from terra-cotta candles and light cones characteristic of that period. The press, found during excavations, was dated to the early Muslim period of conquest from the 7th to the 10th century CE. While the press has not been excavated to completion yet, the large structure is already apparent and it is clear it was used as a public olive press.

circa 350 CE

An early Roman (circa first century) Winepress (larger of the two found at the site) at Khirbat Seilun, located 320 meters south of the Tel. The winepress consists of a treading floor, covered with mosaics, and twin collecting pits.

circa 500-600 CE

The Roman or Byzantine era cistern and open pool where rainfall was collected. The excess water flowed from the cistern in to the pool through a connecting pipe. The cistern was once part of the church compound, and the pool was outside it.

circa 500-600 CE

The synagogue of the Dome of the Divine presence is located south of the Tel Shilo site on a knoll, from which one can view all of the Shilo valley, the road to Jerusalem, and the mountain chain of Ba'al Hatzor. The outer walls slope inward and reach a height of two meters, giving the building an appearance similar to the Tent of Assembly. Around the entrance are embellishments unique to Jewish buildings, such as olive branches and urns.

circa 500-600 CE

During the period between capturing the Land and building the Temple, thousands of years ago in the days when Joshua divided the land among the 12 tribes, the Tabernacle resided in Shilo. There is great topographical similarity between this location and the location of the Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. both are enclosed by steep descents into valleys, with high hills surrounding the valleys; the southern approach is more gradual.

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