Tel Hazor Israelite City Gate

By the Editors of the Madain Project

The six-chambered Israelite gate (Solomon's Gate) to the ancient city of Hazor dates back to the times of king Solomon and David.


The gate is located in the center of the upper city, allowing entry in to the citadel from south-east direction. The gate is symmetric on both sides of the entrance, and is composed of two towers, three rooms within each tower, and two bastions projecting on both side. Dated to the 10th century BCE, this gate has six chambers and two towers. Similar gates have been uncovered at Megiddo, Lachish and Gezer.

The only complete vessel that belonged to an Iron I locus is a storage jar was found on a fragmentary floor that was sealed by the floor of the six-chambered gate passageway.

Biblical Tradition

circa 1000 BCE

A summary of king Solomon's activities indicates that the king built Hazor, Megiddo and Gezer. The connection between Hazor, Megiddo and Gezer is reflected in 1 Kings 9:15, where the Bible talks about Solomon's building activities: "This was the purpose of the forced labour which Solomon imposed, it was to build the house of the lord, his own palace, the Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and [to fortify] Hazor, Megiddo, anf Gezer."


circa 1000 BCE

The double casemate wall of Tel Hazor, which enclosed the western half of the upper city. It is a double wall "casemate" type, which extends north and south to the gate, and actually around the whole walled city.

circa 1000 BCE

In the second chamber of the southern wing of the Gateway of Solomon, a late bronze age temple and cultic stele was discovered. Beneath the middle room in the southern wing of the gate, the basalt threshold of a Canaanite temple was found.

circa 1000 BCE

The gate was built in a form that was common in this period, and is similar to the gates at Gezer and Megiddo. To the south of the gate are the remains of a casemate city wall from the same period (made of two parallel walls with a space between them, divided into chambers by partitions). Beneath the middle room in the southern wing of the gate, the basalt threshold of a Canaanite temple was found.

See Also


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