Tel Arad (Hebrew: תל ערד) is an archaeological tel, or mound, located west of the Dead Sea, about 10 kilometres (6 miles) west of the modern Israel/Palestine city of Arad in an area surrounded by mountain ridges which is known as the Arad Plain.
circa 950 BCE
Although there was a small settlement during the time of Solomon, it was during the divided monarchy period that a fortress was established at Tel-Arad. The Arad fortress would have served to protect Judah’s southern border against its enemies, in particular, the Edomites. The fortress (illustration) was destroyed and rebuilt several times, until finally destroyed as a result of Nebuchadnezzar’s conquest of Judah in 586 BCE. In the Early Arab period (7th-10th century), a fortified caravansary was established to protect the trade routes which passed there.
circa 950 BCE
Tel-Arad sported a complete temple, apparently Judean, located in the north-western corner of the fortress , included all of the features of Solomon’s temple. The temple was in use from the 9th to the end of the 8th century BCE, i.e. concurrent with the Temple in Jerusalem. This is one of the few temples remaining from Biblical times. The temple in Arad was built according to the plan of the Tabernacle (illustration) described in the Bible and consisted of three parts: the inner courtyard, the temple and the Holy of Holies.