Tablinum of the Battle of Issus Mosaic

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The tablinum or exedra is part of the House of the Faun and contained the most famous and notable mosaics found in the city of Pompeii.

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The exedra where the Alexander Mosaic was found, is located north of the smaller peristyle, fronted by two corinthian columns. At the rear of the this exedra there's a wide window opening on to the large peristyle, spanning almost the entire width of the chamber. Between the columns at the entrance were mosaic pictures of wild creatures of the Nile - hippopotamus, crocodile, ichneumon and ibis.



Construction Details


Alexander Mosaic
The Alexander Mosaic is interpreted as depicting the Battle of Issus (333 BCE), during which Alexander’s forces managed to rout the Persian army. Alexander himself is shown to the left, riding into battle on his horse Bucephalus. His eyes are trained on those of his counterpart, Darius III. The Persian King is shown fleeing on his chariot, his forces in disarray.

In the early third century BCE, small squares (tesserae) cut from stones of different colours began to be used to create more detailed mosaics for the super rich. The Alexander Mosaic would have been impossible to create without this technological innovation.


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