Southern Wall of Temple Mount

The Southern Wall of the Temple Mount

Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 780 CE Southern Wall of the Temple Mount The Southern Wall is a wall at the southern end of the Temple Mount and the former southern side of the Second Temple (also called Herod's Temple) in Jerusalem. It was built during King Herod's expansion of the Temple Mount platform southward on to the Ophel. N/a
c. 700 CE North-east exposure of Al-Aqsa Mosque along the southern wall of the Temple Mount, in the Old City of Jerusalem. Considered to be the third holiest site in Islam after Mecca and Medina. The small studs to the left are remains of Corinthian Columns. The lead dome of the mosque is also partially visible. Wikipedia
c. Ophel, looking towards the Solomon's Stables and the Southern Wall. The Ophel is part of the Eastern Hill that sits between the City of David and the Temple Mount. The word “ophel” means “swell or rise” and refers to a higher part of the landscape. The Jebusites built their citadel there, as did David, who also added a lot more fortification to this northern part of his city.
c. 640 CE This is believed to be the location of original mosque of Omer, initially a small wooden structure was built here, along the southern wall of Haram al-Sharif (Temple Mount) and eastern wall of al-Aqsa. N/A
c. The remains of Umayyad Palace, tt was obviously the seat of the Umayyad caliph whenever he visited Jerusalem. This palace measures 96 x 84 m. and is surrounded by a three meter-thick protective wall. pparently constructed during the reign of the Umayyad caliph El-Walid I (705-715) and is similar to other fortified Umayyad palaces on the fringe of the desert in Transjordan and Syria.
c. Interior of the southern tower (believed to the built by Fatimids) provided direct access to the Haram al-Sharif area from the residential and adminstrative area along the southern wall.
c. Hadrian's inscription, the upside down inscription is from the Roman statue of Emperor Antoninus Pius (138-161 CE) that the Bordeaux Pilgrim recorded seeing when he was on the Temple Mount in 333 CE. The statue was destroyed by the Byzantine Christians after 333 CE, the Jews in 614 CE. This reused block is the only part found so far of the two statues (one of Hadrian, and this one of Antoninus Pius.)
c. The Huldah Gates, are the two sets of now-blocked gates in the Southern Wall of the Temple Mount. The western set is a double arched, and the eastern is a triple arched gate. Other than two Huldah gates there's another crusader era gate, which is now blocked.
c. The crusader era gate, was cut by the Knights Templar and is not original to the Temple Mount. The Crusaders used this gate to access the caverns below the Temple Mount, where they kept their horses. The gate was blocked shut by Saladin in 1187 when the Muslims returned.
c. The al-Aqsa Mosque Library (background), originally it was built by crusaders as an annex building and later it was converted in to a small prayer area after Salah al-Din. It was called White mosque due to the colour of the stone used, it was majorly used by women. Recently it was converted in to a Library.
c. 1278 CE al-Fakhariyya minaret is located on the south-west corner of al-Aqsa compound. It was built in 1278 on the southwestern corner of the mosque, on the orders of the Mamluk sultan Lajin, is the first of four minarets. It was named after Fakhr al-Din al-Khalili, the father of Sharif al-Din Abd al-Rahman who supervised the building's construction. Wikipedia
c. 1278 CE The 210 feet wide southern stairs are a combination of smooth stone slabs and carved bedrock and alternate between a 35 inch run (the length of the step) and a 12 inch run, except for the first and last three steps, which are all 12 inches. These stairs led the pilgrims to the Temple Gates which led to the underground tunnels eventually emerging on to the surface of the Temple platform.
c. CE Located near the south-eastern corner of the Haram it is known as the Mehrab e Daud (King David). N/A
Latest Update: June 22, 2018


Points of InterestPart of
Interioral-Fakhariyya Minaret · Women's Mosque (Masjid un-Nisa) · al-Aqsa Mosque · Masjid e Omar ibn al-Khattab · Mehrab e Daud · Masjid al-Marwan
ExteriorUmayyad Palace · Crusader Tower · Jerusalem Archaeological Park · Ophel · Huldah Gate · Single Gate
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