Sayed as-Shuhada (Medina)

Sayed al Shuhada (سيد الشهداء) is a small area in the Uhud Valley, where the second battle of Islam was faught betweent he Muslims from Medina and the Meccan forces. Today the area has a population of almost 15,000 and has several points of interest including Sayed al Shuhada Mosque and burials of Uhud Martyrs.

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Overview

The area of ​​Uhud's Martyrs, known as the Sayed al-Shuhada, also spelled as Sayyed as-Shohada, is a small neighbourhood of Medina city, situated some 3.5 kilometers north of Masjid an-Nabawi. It was extensively renovated circa 2017/2018, with a new mosque, access roads, pilgrims interest points and services and administration areas. The area of ​​the site is 340 hectares, and the area contains the Martyrs Square, which includes Jabl al-Rumah, historic cemeteries, the mosque, a school, parking lots, the civil services building.

Brief History

circa 100 CE

The area is named as Sayyid al-Shohada after the title of Hamzah ibn 'Abdul Muttalib, who was granted this title after his Shahadah during the battle of Uhud on 22 March 625 CE (3 Shawwal 3 hijri) when he was 59 (lunar) years old. Hamza was buried in the same grave as his nephew Abdullah ibn Jahsh. Muhammad later said, "I saw the angels washing Hamza because he was in Paradise on that day". Fatima bint Muhammad used to go to Hamza's grave and tend it.

Notable Structures

circa 100 CE

Jameh Sayed al-Shuhada
The new building of Jameh Sayed al-Shuhada (جامع سيد الشهداء); it can hold up to 15,000 people and covers a total area of ​​8947.41 sqm. It was completed in circa 2017 and casted SR42 million. The mosque is located in the center of the Sayyid Al-Shuhada area in Uhud. The newly built Masjid al-Shohada has one dome and two minarets. The building of the mosque is a blend of modernity and traditional architecture.

circa 100 CE

Cemetery of Uhud Martyrs
The Sayyed al-Shuhada Uhud Cemetery (مقبرة شهداء أحد), where the martyrs of battle of Uhud, which was a battle between the early Muslims and their Qurayshi Meccan enemies in 624 CE (3 Hj.), were buried. Prophet Muhammad and the Muslims buried the dead on the here in the battlefield, returning home that evening. There are no longer any major identifications present after the demolition campaign, the most notable building razed was the Tomb and Mosque of Hamzah ibn Abdul Muttalib.

circa 100 CE

Jabal al-Rumah
The Jabal al-Rumah (جبل الرماة), the peak or hill of the archers, Before the battle, prophet Muhammad had assigned 50 archers on a nearby rocky hill at the west side of the Muslim camp. This was a strategic decision in order to shield the vulnerable flanks of the outnumbered Muslim army. Prophet Muhammad positioned archers and instructed them not to move regardless the outcome of the battle, but they absconded their positions; which resulted in a catastrophic defeat for Muslim forces.

circa 100 CE

Masjid Ainain
Remains of Masjid e Ainain (مسجد عينين), a small mosque located on the southeastern corner of Jabal al-Rumah, according to tradition Prophet Muhammad offered Zuhur here. It drives its name from the two springs of al-Dhareb in Uhud area. According to al-Matari (المطري) this is the place near to which the 'Chief of Martyrs' was stabbed by Wahshi.

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