The heart of the mosque houses a very special but small area named Rawdah ul-Jannah (Gardens of Paradise), also known as the Rawdahtul Riyad ul-Jannah and Rawdah Sharifah (الروضة الشريفة). It extends from prophet Muhammad's tomb to his pulpit (minbar). Pilgrims attempt to visit the confines of the area, for there is a tradition that supplications and prayers uttered here are never rejected. Entrance into the area is not always possible, especially during the Hajj season, as the space can only accommodate a few hundred people. Rawdah ul-Jannah is carpeted green in contrast to the rest of the mosque carpeted red. Although commonly called Riyad ul-Jannah (رِيَاضِ الْجَنَّةِ), the correct term would be Rawdah (روضة). The Hadith is narrated by Malik from Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr;
Rawdah ul-Jannah, general view of the area, with Mihrab-i Nabawi to the far left and Minbar-i Nabawi to the right. Riad ul-Jannah is considered to be a part Jannah (Paradise). It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that Muhammad said, "The area between my house and my minbar is one of the gardens of Paradise, and my minbar is on my cistern (hawd)."
Mihrab-i Nabawi is one of the six mehrabs of prophet's mosque, it was only a commemorative mehrab at Masjid al-Nabawi and marks the spot from where prophet Muhammad used to lead prayers. Up until recently (December 2017) this mehrab has remained a commemorative one and the Imams used to lead prayers from the Mehrab e Usman. It is richly decorated with patterns and gold-plated calligraphic inscriptions.
Current Minbar-i Nabawi, was placed in the mosque by Qaitbey in the late fifteenth century and is still in use. The original minbar (Arabic: مِـنـۢبَـر) used by Muhammad was a "wood block of date tree". This was replaced by him with a tamarisk one, which had dimensions of 50 cm × 125 cm (20 in × 49 in). Also in 629, a three staired ladder was added to it. The first two caliphs, Abu Bakr and Umar, did not use the third step "due to respect for the Prophet", but the third caliph Uthman placed a fabric dome over it and the rest of the stairs were covered with ebony.
Muazzin's platform (mukabariyya) is situated at the appriximate spot where Bilal Habashi used to stand over the wall of the Prophet's Mosque to declare the Adhan. The height of the platform is also approximately same as that of the height of the mosque's at the time of the Prophet. Before the introduction of loud speakers the muazzins at the Two Mosques would call Adhan from one of the minarets but in 1970s Muazzin platforms were installed in both Masjid al-Nabawi and Masjid al-Haram.
Bab ul-Touba, also known as Bab e Sayeda Aiesha or Bab ul-Wufud, in the western wall of Rawda e Rasool's enclosure between the Ustwana e Wufud and Ustwana e Hars. According to tradition this is the entrance that was used by Prophet Muhammad to enter mosque. The actual position of the door is approximately 8-10 feet behind the current location, now it is situated within the Rawdah ul-Jannah and book shelves have recently been places in front of it.
Embosed calligraphic sign marking the actual location of Ustawana Harrs (guard's column), one of the major columns of prophet's mosque. Some of the Sahabah (companions of the prophet) used to sit watch here outside the Bab ul-Taubah which allowed direct access to the prophet Muhammad's residential quarters east of the mosque. There are seven of these pillars that retain the memory of some identification with the original mosque built by prophet Muhammad in 622 CE.
Panoramic view of the Rawdah ul-Jannah (green carpeted area), with mehrab nabawi in the far background (center) and mukabariyya (right). The Suffah platform during the time of prophet Muhammad (after the Qiblah shift) would have been somewhere close to the pillars at the boundry of green carpet. The appriximate area of Rawdah ul-Jannah is about 22 meters by 15 meters.