Petra (The City Proper)

Known as Rekem in ancient times, it was established possibly as early as 312 BCE as the capital city of the Nabataeans, it lies on the slope of Jebel al-Madhbah (identified by some as the biblical Mount Hor) in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra was home to roughly 30,000 people and was abandoned in the year 106 CE because of reasons unknown. The city proper had a siq, walls, towers, water conduits, and cisterns. In ancient times, Petra might have been approached from the south on a track leading across the plain of Petra, around Jabal Haroun ("Aaron's Mountain"), where the Tomb of Aaron, said to be the burial-place of Aaron, brother of Moses, is located. It was also an important stop along the Incense Route.

circa 100 CE

Great Temple of Petra

The remains of the Great Temple of Petra represents one of the major archaeological and architectural components of central Petra. One of the largest Nabatean complexes in Petra, the Great Temple is a two-level structure dating from the 1st century BC.

circa 100 CE

The remains of colonnade street in city proper, Petra, looking towards the arched gate. It leads from main theater to the Qasr al Bint, the ancient shops that once flanked this avenue are gone or are in ruins. Qasr al-Bint is also visible in the background. It follows the standard Roman pattern of an east–west decumanus, but without the normal cardo maximus (north–south axis).

circa 100 CE

Temple of the WInged Lions, Petra

The Temple of Winged Lions is a Nabataean religious building situated prominently on the north slope of the Wadi Musa (Moses’ Valley), overlooking the ancient city center of Petra.

circa 100 CE

Nymphaeum (Roman water fountain) at Petra

The remains of the Nymphaeum, it was a grand public fountain along Petra's Colonnaded Street. Only the foundations remain today, standing in the shade of a tree. It was situated at the confluence of two watercourses, dedicated to the water nymphs and was probably one of the improvements made to the city after the Roman annexation.

circa 100 CE

Blue Chapel, Petra

The remains of the Blue Chapel, so named after its four blue Egyptian granite columns, topped with Nabataean horned capitals, that collapsed in an 8th-century earthquake but have been re-erected.

circa 100 CE

Petra Theater

Petra Theater (Arabic: مسرح البتراء) is a first century CE Nabataean theatre situated 600 m from the centre of Petra. Substantial part of the theater was carved out of solid rock, while the scaena and exterior wall were constructed. Although Roman in design, being carved out opposed to being built is characteristically distinctive Nabataean.

circa 100 CE

Siq

The Siq (Arabic: السيق‎, transliterated al-Sīq, transcribed as-Sīq,[a] literally 'the Shaft') is the main entrance to the ancient Nabatean city of Petra in southern Jordan. The Siq was used as the grand caravan entrance into Petra. Along the Siq are some underground chambers, the function of which has not yet been clarified.

circa 100 CE

Dorotheos' House

A complex of ruined houses, rather than just one, this set of ruins earned its name as Dorotheos' House from the Greek inscription on the triclinium. The triclinium, a vast building intended for feasting, is easily identified by the three doors and windows.

circa 100 CE

Petra Church

The Petra Church is a Byzantine church in the ancient city of Petra, located a few hundred meters off the colonnaded street near the Temple of the Winged Lions. When first constructed around 450, the church had only one apse and an entrance porch. The Mosaic of the Seasons in the southern aisle is from this period. The site was excavated in 1992-98 by the American Center of Oriental Research (ACOR).

circa 100 CE

Temenos Gate


Points of InterestPart of
CityTheatre · Colonnade Street · Nymphaeum · Temenos Gate · Um al-Biyara · Lion Monument · Dam · Columbrium · Um al-Biyara
Monastery/TempleGreat Temple · Temple of Winged Lions · Blue Chapel · Temple of Winged Lions · Qasr al-Bint · Blue Chapel · High Place of Sacrifice · ad-Deir Monastery
Fortifications al-Habis Fortress
Tombsal-Khazneh · Obelisk Tomb · Street of Facades · Urn Tomb · Silk Tomb · Corinthian Tomb · Palace Tomb · Sextus Florentinus Tomb · Turkamaniya Tomb · Roman Soldier's Tomb · Garden Temple Complex · Lion Monument · Lion Triclinium Tombs in Petra
Top
Like Us on Facebook!

A small favour!
We will really appreciate it! :)