The fortress was built around 1229 by Al-Aziz 'Uthman, nephew of Saladin and younger son of Al-Adil I, to preempt an attack on Damascus by the armies of the Sixth Crusade. It was named Qal'at al-Subeiba, "Castle of the Large Cliff" in Arabic. The fortress was further expanded to contain the whole ridge by 1230.
|c. 1229 CE||An arial view of the fortress, National Park, Israel.||Amit Erez|
|c. 1229 CE||Arabic inscription above the western gate, mentioning the construction date 1230 CE and builder al-Aziz Uthman.||Bible Walks|
|Latest Update: September 16, 2015|