Mosques in Medina

This page attempts to enlist all the mosques in the city of Medina.

circa 709 CE

The main entrance of the Masjid u Shajarah (مسجد الشجرة) with its iconic minaret to the left. It is one of the Miqaat stations (places where ihram is put on), situated in Dhul Hulaifah. Miqat mosque (Masjid Meeqat) is located at Dhul Hulayfa, at the western side of Al-Aqeeq Valley at a distance of twelve kilometers from The Prophet's Mosque. It is the place where pilgrims coming from Medina wishing to perform Umrah or Hajj enter into ihram before they set for Mecca.

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Masjid e Ejabah (مسجد الإجابة) also known as Masjid Bani Muawiya or Masjid al-Mubahalah is approx 385 meters to the north of Jannat ul-Baqi. It is known as Masjid e Ijabah (the mosque of approval/acceptance) and is approx. 600 meters away from Masjid al-Nabawi in the Bani Muawiya district. There is an account of the mosque in Hadith Sahih Muslim, relating that once Prophet Muhammad passed the Bani Muawiyah Mosque, entered there and offered two rakats, and his companions also followed him.

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The al-Fatah Mosque (مسجد الفتح), one of the Seven Mosques, at the site of the Battle of Ahzab, view towards west. Largest of the seven mosques is Al-Fath on a hilltop near the western side of Sal’ mountain. It was built when Umar ibn Abd Al-Aziz was governor of Madinah in the years 87 to 93 after Hijrah (705 CE to 711 CE). It was rebuilt in 575 H (1179 CE). It was then rebuilt again during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Abd Al-Majid I in 1851.

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Masjid al-Manaratain (مسجد المنارتين), mosque of the two towers or minarets, (also known as the Masjid e Bani Dinaar) originally a crude basalt structure it was rebuilt and expanded during the reign of Fahad bin Abdul 'Aziz in 2003 CE (1424 Hj.). It is situated on the main highway going towards Mecca near al-Anbariya. This mosque is named as "two towers" because it is located in between two mountains which were dubbed as two towers.

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Masjid al-Nabawi (مسجد النبوي) often called the Prophet's Mosque, is a historic mosque situated in the city of al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia. As the final resting place of Prophet Muhammad, it is considered the second holiest site in the world after Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, (al-Aqsa in Jerusalem comes in third.) It is a major pilgrimage site and many people who perform the Hajj go on to al-Madinah before or after Hajj to visit the mosque.

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The facade of the mosque of Salman Farsi (مسجد سلمان الفارسي). The Salman Al-Farisi Mosque is located south of al-Fath Mosque, 20 meters from the base of Sal' mountain. It is named after Salman, the companion of the Prophet Muhammad who recommended digging a trench to fortify the city during Ghazwa-i Ahzab. It has one hall at 7 meters long and 2 meters wide. Originally built when Umar ibn Abd Al-Aziz was governor of Madinah. In 575 H (1179 CE) it was rebuilt on the orders of minister Said Al-Deen Abu Al-Haija. It was rebuilt again during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Abd Al-Majid I.

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Masjid Quba (مَـسْـجِـد قُـبَـاء), it was the last stop made by the prophet Muhammad during his flight from Mecca before reaching Medina. It's construction was initiated by prophet Muhammad and was completed by the companions, it was left in ruins by 1905 CE, rebuilt as a simple structure and renovated by the mid of the twentieth century. Depending on whether the Mosque of the Companions in the Eritrean city of Massawa is older or not, it may be the first mosque in the world that dates to the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad, 7th century CE.

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The south-eastern exposure of Mosque of Umer (مسجد عمر) at the site of Ghazwa Khandaq, It is believed to be located at the site of the command post of Umer ibn Khattab during the Battle of the trench. It is one of the Seven Mosques (المساجد السبعة) or Sab'u Masajid, a complex of six small historic and often visited mosques in the city of Medina, Saudi Arabia. This mosque is situated on higher altitude, and its look is corresponding to Al-Fath Mosque, thus it is considered that they were built and renovated at the same time.

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Masjid e Qiblatain, the Mosque of the two Qiblas (مسجد القبلتين), the revelation about changing the Qiblah and bowing towards Kaaba in Mecca was given here during a Zohar (noon) prayer to prophet Muhammad. The Qiblatayn Mosque is among the earliest mosques that dates to the time of Muhammad, along with Quba Mosque and al-Masjid al-Nabawi. The instruction to change the direction of the Qiblah is recorded in Surah al-Baqarah, verse 144.

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abu-Bakr al-Siddique Mosque (مسجد ابو بكر) in Medina. It is situated close to Masjid al-Ghamamah, according to a tradition prophet Muhammad prayed Eid prayer at this site, and abu Bakr after Him during His Caliphate, so it was attributed to Him.

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Mosque of Ali ibn abi Talib (مسجد علي بن أبي طالب), behind the main gate are the stairs that lead to the main building of the Mosque, south of Fatimah Mosque on a high rectangular hilltop. It is 8.5 meters long and 6.5 meters wide. It has one small step. It is likely to have been built and renovated with al-Fath Mosque. It is narrated that Ali joined the Battle of the Trench here.

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Masjid e abu Ayub Ansari (مسجد أبو أيوب الأنصاري), it was situated at the approximate location where once the house of abu Ayub stood to the north-eastern direction from the Tomb of Prophet Muhammad. It was situated at the distance of some 80 feet from the current Bab ul-Baqi and was incorporated in the Masjid al-Nabawi during the second Saudi Expansion.

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Masjid Shaikhain (مسجد الشيخين) (literally: Mosque of the Two) marks the spot where according to the tradition Prophet prayed salah on the eve of the battle of Uhud on the 14th Sha’ban 3Hj./625 CE. It's name points towards a tradition of a wresteling match between two boys (Rafe'y and Jundub) before Ghazwa-i uhud to prove their worthiness to participate in battle despite their young ages.

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Remains of the exterior walls of the al-Fasa'h mosque (مسجد الفسح), it was built where prophet Muhammad is believed to have offered noon prayer (Zohar) during the battle of Uhud. Only some of the wall structure and mehrab remains on east, south and west and is enclosed within iron railings. It is situated almost 4.5 kilometers from Masjid al-Nabawi.

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Masjid e Mustarah (مسجد المستراح) also known as Masjid Bani Haritha (مسجد بني حارثة), is located where according to the tradition the Muslim army camped on its way back from the Battle of Uhud to Medina. Whenever the Prophet used to visit the grave of Hamza and the other martyrs of Uhud he used to take rest here. The mosque was renovated during the time of the king Fahd, and the place was expanded to 491 square meters wide. Houses belong to the members of Bani Haritsah tribe are located nearby the mosque.

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Masjid e Omar ibn al-Khattab (مسجد عمر بن الخطاب), built by Shams al-Din Mohammed bin Ahmed Slaoui, according to tradition it is located at the spot where Umar ibn Khattab met prophet Muhammad and was blessed.

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Mosque of Fatima al-Zahra (مسجد فاطمة الزهراء), at the site of the Ahzab, also known as Mus'ad ibn Mo'az Mosque. It is the smallest of the group and measures 4 meters by 3 meters. It has one small step. It has a similar structure to other mosques in the area and may have been built during the Ottoman era, most likely during the reign of Sultan Abd Al-Majid I in 1851.

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The abu-Bakr Mosque (مسجد أبي بكر) at the site of the Battle of Ahzab. Seen here near the bottom of the picture, the mosque no longer exists as it was razed to make space available for the parking lot at the site. The picture of mosque of Omar in the center is also the old building, the Masjid e Faitimah (top right corner) and Masjid e Ali (top left corner) are also visbile.

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Masjid Atban ibn Malik (مسجد عتبان بن مالك) is located at the site where prophet Muhammad offered Salah and supplicated on the request of Atban ibn Malik who was blind. The site was the location of his (Atban ibn Malik) house. It was situated approx. 60km south of al-Jum'a Mosque.

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Facade of the Masjid al-Ghamamah (مسجد الغمامة), situated close to the Prophet's Mosque, is one of the oldest mosques in Medina. According to tradition it is believed to be located in the place where the prophet Muhammad performed an Eid prayer in the year 631 CE. The mosque was built during the reign of the Caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz between the hijri calendar of 86 to 93, and renovated by the Sultan Hasan bin Muhammad bin Qalawan Ash-Shalihi in 1340 during the Sharifate of Mecca era.

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Masjid Ali ibn abi Talib (مسجد علي), it is situated 290 meters from the Masjid al-Nabawi and 122 meters from Masjid Ghamamah. The tradition behind its atribution to Ali ibn abi Talib is not precisely known.

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Masjid Imam al-Bukhari (مسجد الإمام البخاري) is said to have been built where Imam bukhari stayed during his visit to Medina, but this is highly unlikely.

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The remains of Masjid Misbah (مسجد مصباح), also known as Masjid bani Harithah, according to the tradition is the first ever masjid where Rasool Allah Prayed fajr in as he reached Madina. Seen here the mehrab in the qiblah wall. Current structure dates back to the Ottoman era circa 1850 CE.

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Masjid-e Sajdah (مسجد سجدة), also known as the abu Zar al-Ghafari Mosque today, renovated in 1421 Hj./2000 CE it is situated 900 meters north of Masjid an-Nabawi. According to a tradition it is called Masjid-e Sajdah because prophet Muhammad prostrated due to gratitude as he receieved news of Salwat from angel Jibraeel.

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Masjid e Tahniyat ul Wada'a (مسجد ثنية الوداع), as seen from abu Bakr al-Siddique road, Medina.

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Masjid-e al-Saqiya (مسجد السقيا‎), near Bir al-Sakiye (Well of Saqiye), this is where prophet Muhammad camped as he returned from Battle of Badr. The mosque has three domes, without minaret, originally built during Ottoman era, it was recently renovated by Fahad bin Abdul Aziz in 1423 Hj.

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Masjid Bani Haram (مسجد بني حرام), located in al-Fath, west of Jabl-e Sila', it situated where the dwellings of Bani Haram of al-Khazarj tribe were located. According to tradition prophet Muhammad prayed at this site when the food was prolifirated by him while digging the trench.

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Masjid e Jumu'a, Friday Mosque, (مسجد الجمعة) is according to the tradition the first mosque where the first Jumua' prayer was offered by Muslims after the Migration. Initially it was used only for the Friday prayers and remained close for others. Located on As Salam Road, Medina it was recently renovated from an older and much smaller Ottoman structure.

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Masjid e Ambariye (مسجد العنبرية), also known as the Hamidiye Mosque, was built as a part of the Hejaz Railway project next to the el-Muazzem Railway Station. It was built in 1908 by the Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamid II and is one of the few historic buildings which were not destroyed by the Saudi government. It is named after the Anbariya Gate, next to which the mosque was located.

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This is an old picture of Masjid Al-Fadhikh (مسجد الفضيخ) also known as the Masjid e Shams (Sun Mosque) was built at the location where prophet Muhammad offered Salah during the battle with Banu Nadir in Medina. It was extensively renovated during the third and fourth decade and stood until late 1960s, now there is a small cemetery at the location. Also the mosque is called al-Fadhikh, as it is a beverage made from palm fruit which is not ripe, and the verses containing the prohibition of alcohalic beverages are believed to have been revealed here as well. It is situated approx. 3.5 kilometers from Masjid al-Nabawi and aprrox. 1 kilometer from Masjid-e Quba.

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The main courtyard of Jameh al-Khandaq (جامع الخندق) or Masjid Ahzaab, the latest mosque built at the site of Ghazwa Khandaq. This mosque lies at the foot or base of the Sal’ hill, on its western side. It signifies the scene of the Battle of Trench, or Khandaq, which is about three kilometers from the Prophet’s Mosque. Established in 2007, the mosque is surrounded by Jabl Sil'a from three sides and is accessible from north only. Madinah’s battle of the trench marked the consolidation of the Prophet’s tenure when he was faced with an attack on Madinah by an alliance of Jewish and non-Muslim Arab tribes.

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The facade and the main entrance to the Masjid e Areesh (مسجد العريش), situated at the site where during the Battle of Badr the command post of prophet Muhammad was pitched. The historic Battle of Badr (غزوة بدر), fought on Tuesday, 13 March 624 CE (17 Ramadan, 2 Hj.), was a key battle in the early days of Islam and a turning point in Muhammad's struggle with his opponents among the Quraish in Mecca.

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as-Sabaq Mosque (مسجد السبق‎), was a mosque located in Medina, south of al-Masjid an-Nabawi. The place was originally a place for horse racing during the time of the prophet Muhammad. There is an account in Hadith of al-Bukhari, that the prophet participating in a horse racing from Al-Hayfa to Tsaniyatul Wada' around six or seven miles, and from Tsaniyatul Wada' to the Bani Zuraiq Mosque for around one mile.

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al-Rayah Mosque (مسجد الراية), mosque of the flag, or Dzubab Mosque, is a small mosque historic situated on top of Mount Dzubab (Dzubab means "flies"), not far from Mount Sala'. According to a tradition the command post (tent/shade) was pitched for Prophet Muhammad here, hence it was named as Al-Rayah, which means battle flag. The mosque was first built during the reign of Umar ibn Abdul Aziz, with a small square with an area of 61 square meters and a height of 5 meters.

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