Mosque of Omar ibn Khattab (Jerusalem)

In 637 CE, the Patriarch Sophronius refused to surrender Jerusalem to Muslim forces except to the Caliph Omer himself. Omar travelled to Jerusalem and accepted the surrender. He then visited the Church of the Holy Sepulcher where Sophronius invited him to pray inside the Church, but Omar declined so as not to set a precedent and thereby endanger the Church's status as a Christian site. Instead he prayed outside in the courtyard, in a place where Dawud As (David) was believed to have prayed.

The Mosque of Omar was built in its current shape by the Ayyubid Sultan Al-Afdal ibn Salah ad-Din in 1193 in memory of this event. It has a 15 metres (49 ft) high minaret that was built before 1465 and was renovated by Ottoman sultan Abdulmecid I (1839–1860).

Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 1850 CE Mosque of Omer, next to Church of Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem N/A
c. 1850 CE Entrance to the Mosque of Omer. Wikipedia
Latest Update: June 20, 2015
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