Mausoleum of Saladin

The Mausoleum of Saladin (ضريح صلاح الدين الأيوبي) holds the resting place and grave of the medieval Muslim Ayyubid Sultan Saladin. It is adjacent to the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, Syria. It was built in 1195, three years after the death of Saladin. al-Malik al-Afdal Nur al-Din 'Ali, ruler of Damascus, completed the construction of the mausoleum.

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circa 1200 CE

Mausoleum of Saladin

Since the Middle Ages, Saladin has been one of the most influential figures of historical memory in Eurasia. The Mausoleum of the great sultan is relatively small, and stands in a garden on the north side of the Masjid Umawi al-Kabir. The mausoleum was built in 1196 CE, three years after the death of Saladin by his son, Al-Adil I. It was once part of the al-Aziziyah madrasa, but nothing remains of the school.

circa 1200 CE

Salah al-Din (صلاح الدين) died of a fever in March of 1193. He was temporarily buried in the Damascus Citadel (قلعة دمشق) while his mausoleum was being constructed. The surrounding religious school, of which only several columns and an interior arch still stand, was constructed shortly after the mausoleum under al-Aziz Othman Bin Salah al-Din.

circa 1200 CE

The Tomb of Salah al-Din (قبر صلاح الدين) is fairly modest, a square chamber featuring ablaq walls with four arches supporting the dome (inspect). The mausoleum presently houses two sarcophagi: one made of wood covered with shroud (inspect), said to contain Saladin's remains, and one made of marble, donated by Kaiser Wilhelm II. The interior of the Mausoleum is small and elegant in its simplicity. The room is adorned with pictures, tributes and the like. The tomb of Saladin itself, shrouded in gold-trimmed cloth, dominates the center of the chamber.

circa 1200 CE

Grave of Saladin

Ornate gilt bronze wreath, gifted by Kaiser Wilhelm II. At the end of the First World War this wreath was removed from the tomb of Saladin. It was apparently presented to Colonel T E Lawrence ('Lawrence of Arabia') by Sherif Feisal, leader of the Arab movement, when they entered Damascus on 1 October 1918. Lawrence, in turn, presented the wreath to the Imperial War Museum on 11 November 1918. In his original deposit note, he claims to have removed the wreath himself: 'as Saladin no longer required it.'

circa 1200 CE

Grave of Saladin

The tomb of Salah al-Din Ayyubi, as seen from the first gallery of Minaret of the Bride.

circa 1200 CE

Grave of Saladin

Madhnat ul-'Arus (Minaret of the Bride) of Masjid Umawi, situated along the southern adjoining the courtyard of Saladin's tomb. The courtyard contains some remains of the Madrasah al-Aziziyah.

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Minarets

Domes

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