Luxor Temple

Luxor Temple is a large Ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile River in the city today known as Luxor (ancient Thebes) and was constructed approximately 1400 BCE.

circa 1400 BCE

The entrance, first pylon, was flanked by six massive statues of Ramesses, two seated and four standing, but unfortunately only two seated statues are still relatively intact. One of the of the two granite obelisks of Ramesses, the other now stands in the Place de la Concorde in Paris.

circa 1400 BCE

Mosque of abu el Haggag is a mosque located in the Egyptian city of Luxor. Specifically, it stands atop the ruins of Luxor Temple, an Ancient Egyptian centre of worship dating back to the reign of Pharaoh Amenhotep III in the 14th century BCE.

circa 1400 BCE

Avenue of Sphinxes went in a straight line between the Luxor Temple and the Karnak area was lined with human-headed sphinxes of Nekhtanebo I,21, in ancient times it is probable that these replaced earlier sphinxes which may have had different heads.

circa 1400 BCE

Shrines of Theban Triad, originally built by Hatshepsut and later renovated by Tuthmosis III. These may have held the statues of Amun, Mut and Khonsu gods of the cult of the Royal Ka. These are located just behind the first pylon in the great perstyle court of Ramesses II.

circa 1400 BCE

Chapel of Serapis, built by Hadrian in the court of Nectanebo I. Built using burnt brick and was dedicated to the god Serapis, is the only one remaining of all Roman structures.

circa 1400 BCE

The peristyle courtyard built by Ramesses the second (replacing an earlier court thought to have been constructed by Amenhotep III) was set at an angle to the rest of the temple. The court is composed of a colonnade around the central open area including a number of colossal statues of Ramesses II and abu al-Haggag Mosque.

circa 1400 BCE

Processional colonnade of Amenhotep III with the granite colossi of Ramesses the Great flanking the entrance.

circa 1400 BCE

Peristyle sun court built by Amenhotep III features double rows of papyrus columns with barque shrines for Mut and Khonsu at the southern end. Decorations depict the coronation of Amenhotep III by the gods. To the right is the 32 columned vestibule which allows access to the inner santum of the temple.

circa 1400 BCE

The apse of the Roman sanctuary, it was converted in to a church cira 300 CE after the Diocletian's persecution of Christians in Egypt. It was transformed, and an apse installed during the Era of the Martyrs along with a few other churches around the site. The small entrance in the apse leads to the offering hall of Alexander the Great.

circa 1400 BCE

The shrine of Alexander the Great from the four pillared offering hall. Its present shape was actually given by Alexander, but he used the original plans of Amenhotep III, his alterations were to remove 4 columns and add a granite shrine.

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