List of Theban Tombs

By the Editors of the Madain Project

  • This article is a stub as it does not provide effective content depth for the core subject discussed herein. We're still working to expand it, if you'd like to help with it you can request expansion. This tag should be removed, once the article satisfies the content depth criteria.
    What is this?

This page attempts to enlist all the known ancient Egyptian tombs located in the Theban Necropolis. There are at least 415 cataloged tombs, designated TT for Theban Tomb. Over four hundred tombs and tomb-chapels have been allotted numbers for ease of reference and control, in the modern uncovery and administration of this priceless heritage. At times the Theban Tombs are also called the Tombs of the Nobles, and are among at least four other necropoles termed with the same name.

View Site     Home > N/A
View Subject     Home > Middle East > Egypt > Thebes > List of Theban Tombs

Overview

Theban tombs tended to have clay funerary cones placed over the entrance of the tomb chapels. During the New Kingdom they were inscribed with the title and name of the tomb owner, sometimes with short prayers. Of the 400 recorded sets of cones, only about 80 come from cataloged tombs.

At Thebes, these rock-cut tombs contain wall-paintings that rank among the finest products of ancient Egyptian art. Most are painted chapels at ground level, where family and participants in the cult of the dead would gather, mainly at festivals. A smaller number are painted underground chambers for the burial. The great majority date to the New Kingdom. Many of these have suffered extensive damage since the 1820s, when they first began to be brought to light.

The following list is drawn from Manniche 1987, and follows the numerical sequence of the modern administration of this archaeological area.

Tombs List

circa 1220 BCE

TT1: Tomb of Sennedjem
The Tomb of Sennedjem, designated TT1 (Theban Tomb 1), was discovered still intact in 1886 by the French Gaston Maspero. It contained nine sarcophagi and eleven mummies, as well as a pile of funerary furniture. The owner was an architect who lived in the XIX dynasty, during the reign of Ramesses II.

The family of Sennedjem, his wife Iyneferti and his thirteen sons, is known because it is mentioned in the tomb. The tomb superstructure reflects the typical plan of the Deir el-Medina tombs: a courtyard at the bottom of which there was a pyramid-shaped chapel on whose cusp stood a pyramidion and on whose eastern façade rose a stele-dormer window. The underground section included the tomb consisting of a room with a vault ceiling excavated in the rock covered by a brick layer, covered in turn by a mixture of white and silt. In the entrance to the underground part, the texts and pictures reproduce chapters XVII and LXXII of the Book of the Dead.

circa 1220 BCE

TT2: Tomb of Khabekhnet
The Tomb of Khabekhnet, designated TT2 (Theban Tomb 2) is located in the village necropolis of Deir el-Medina. The tomb belongs to Khabekhnet, a son of Sennedjem and Iyneferti, and was married to Sahti and probably Isis. The scenes in TT2 show many of the relatives of both Khabekhnet and Sahte.

circa 1285 BCE

TT3: Tomb of Pashedu
The Tomb of Pashedu, designated TT3 (Theban Tomb 3), located in the village of Deir el-Medina, is one of the few tombs with open access. The tomb layout is simple but beautifully decorated, indicating the high status of Pashedu in society. He also owned tomb TT 326, again showing how wealthy he was. The tomb has an antechamber and a short corridor which ended in a burial chamber. The vaulted ceiling has eight deities on the right and eight on the left. Between these images are forty columns of text from Book of the Dead of chapter 181. There are a number of errors in terms of spelling, grammar and text present.

circa 1260 BCE

TT13: Tomb of Shuroy
The Tomb of Shuroy, deignated TT13 (Theban Tomb 13) is located in Dra' Abu el-Naga', part of the Theban Necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile, opposite to Luxor. It belongs to an ancient Egyptian individual, whose title was the "Head of Brazier-bearers of Amun". He most likely lived during the Ramesside period in the 19th Dynasty BCE. The scenes inside the tomb are hurriedly drawn and some have only red outlines without any details. The color on the walls is soft, almost pastel-colored. The use of blue has been highlighted a lot in the decorations. The tomb clearly shows an unfinished design and most of the plasterwork has been damaged.

circa 1265 BCE

TT31: Tomb of Khonsu
The Tomb of Khonsu, designated TT31 (Theban Tomb 31), is located in Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, part of the Theban Necropolis. It is the burial place of the ancient Egyptian official, Khonsu, who was First Prophet of Menkheperre (Thutmose III), during the 19th Dynasty or 20th Dynasty. Its geographical orientation is southwest by northwest (the entrance being at the south). It corresponds to the most classic design chosen for this type of edifice. Tomb decorations depict Khonsu being served by Usermontu, who is a God's father, Lector of Ptah and a Deputy in the King's Temple on the West of Thebes. The inscriptions further identify his son the stablemaster Usermontu, his wife (name unknown) the Chantress of Amun named May, his son the Second Prophet of Menkheperre named Khaemwaset, and a daughter named Iuy.

circa 1470 BCE

TT38: Tomb of Djeserkaraseneb
The Tomb of Djeserkaraseneb, designated TT38 (Theban Tomb 38), is located in Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, part of the Theban Necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile. It belonged to an ancient Egyptian official Djeserkaraseneb (who was Scribe and Counter of the Grain in the Granary of Amun during the reign of Thutmose IV) and his family. The location well reflects the middle social status of Djeserkareseneb, because the dignitaries of this period were buried higher up the hill, to the north-east, in sight of Deir el-Bahari.

circa 1330 BCE

TT40: Tomb of Amenhotep called Huy
The Tomb of Amenhotep called Huy, designated TT40 (Theban Tomb 40), is located in Qurnet Murai, part of the Theban Necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile. It belonged to an ancient Egyptian Viceroy of Kush named Amenhotep called Huy, who lived during the end of the 18th Dynasty during the reign of Tutankhamun. The inscriptions in the tomb show Huy being greeted by Khay, High Priest of Nebkehperure (Tutankhamen), Penne, Deputy of the fortress of Nebkheperure (Tutankhamen), Huy, the Mayor, and Mermose, (his brother) the second prophet of Nebkheperure. The tomb of Huy is one of the major sources for understanding the functions of a Viceroy; the scenes showing presentation of the tribute to the sovereign are exceptional examples of such work and created the reputation of this monument.

circa 1292 BCE

TT41: Tomb of Amenemopet
The Tomb of Amenemopet, designated TT41 (Theban Tomb 41), is located in Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, part of the Theban Necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile. The tomb belonged to an ancient Egyptian official Amenemopet called Ipy, whose title was the "Chief Steward of Amun in the Southern City". The tomb dates to the time of Ramesses I, Sethi I and Ramesses II from the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. The decorations inside the tomb are of great theological importance, for it includes, besides the usual prayers and addresses to the gods, many texts of hymns, almost all of which have been published by Assmann.

circa 1490 BCE

TT83: Tomb of Amethu
The Tomb of Amenthu, designated TT83 (Theban Tomb 83) is located in Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, part of the Theban Necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile. This tomb belonged to an ancient Egyptian official, Amethu called Ahmose, who was the Governor of the town and Vizier. Amethu called Ahmose dates to the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt, from the time of Tuthmosis III. The tomb consists of a portico and an inner room. The ceiling of the portico show remains of the titles of the deceased. The inner room contains scenes depicting rites before the mummy and provide the name and titles of Useramen.

Unknown

TT96: Tomb of Sennefer and Meryt
The tomb, designated TT96 (Theban Tomb 96), belongs to an ancient Egyptian nobal Sennefer and his wife Meryt. The richly decorated tomb, also known as the "Tomb of the Vineyards", is located in Sheikh Abd el-Qurna and forms part of the Theban Necropolis. The decorations inside the tomb show scenes of Meryt offering myrrh, food offerings and lotus flowers to Sennefer, scenes with Sennefer seated in the shade of trees with a table of refreshments, and Sennefer surrounded by priests while he stands on a hill of sand, part of the opening of the mouth ceremony.

circa 20th Dynasty

TT278: Tomb of Amenemheb
The Theban Tomb TT278 was discovered in 1917 CE by Lecomte du Nouÿ, at the same time as was that of Ameneminet's tomb (TT277), its neighbour, with which it shares a courtyard.

circa 970 BCE

TT320: Royal Cache
The Tomb of Royal Cache, designated DB320 (formarly known as the Theban Tomb 320), is an Ancient Egyptian tomb located next to Deir el-Bahri, in the Theban Necropolis, opposite the modern city of Luxor. It contains the last resting place of High Priest of Amun Pinedjem II, his wife Nesikhons, and other close family members, in addition to an extraordinary collection of mummified remains and funeral equipment of more than 50 kings, queens, and other New Kingdom members of the royalty, as it was later used as a cache for royal mummies during the Twenty-first Dynasty.

See Also

References

Top