Ketef Hinnom Scrolls

Dating back to circa 650-587 BCE (pre-exile) the scrolls are known as KH1 and KH2. They are written in Paleo-Hebrew characters not the Aramaic square script more familiar to most modern readers. Jeremy Smoak has argued that the combination of the terms "guard" and "protect" is typical of apotropaic amulets and find parallels among Phoenician and Punic amulets from the Iron Age.

circa 650-587 BCE

KH1 (left): may contain passages from the Books of Exodus, Deuteronomy, Daniel and Nehemiah.
KH2 (right): may contain passages for the Book of Numbers

Early Mosques in the Negev Highlands

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