Ishtar Gate

The Ishtar Gate (Arabic: بوابة عشتار‎) was the eighth gate to the inner city of Babylon.[citation needed] It was constructed in about 575 BCE by order of King Nebuchadnezzar II on the north side of the city.

Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 575 BCE The reconstructed Ishtar gate in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. The external facade features two columns and five rows of depicted animals on two seperate panels on each side of the entrance portal. Rows on both panels from top to bottom depict aurochs, mušḫuššus, aurochs, mušḫuššus, aurochs respectively.
c. 575 BCE The side profile of the facade, reconstructed in the Pergamon Museum.
c. 575 BCE The part of the Akkadian cuneiform Inscription of Nebuchadnezzar II, dedication by Nebuchadnezzar to explain the gate’s purpose. The 15 meters tall by 10 meters wide inscription is in white-glazed and blue glazed bricks and includes includes 60 lines of writing. The inscription was created around the same time as the gates construction, around 605–562 BCE.
c. 575 BCE An artistic reconstruction of the 6th century BCE structure errected by Nebuchadnezzar II.
c. 575 BCE Close-up of an aurochs from the Ishtar Gate, sacred animal of Adad (also known as Ishkur).
c. 575 BCE A close-up of Mušḫuššu on Ishtar Gate, a mythological hybrid, it is a scaly dragon with hind legs resembling the talons of an eagle, feline forelegs, a long neck and tail, a horned head, a snake-like tongue, and a crest.
c. 575 BCE The Lion of Babylon from a portion of the processional way, symbolically represented the King of Babylon.
c. 575 BCE The decoration of the walls of the [Eastern towers of] Ishtar Gate consisted of alternated figures of bulls and dragons (sirrush). They are placed in horizontal rows on the parts of the walls that are open to observation by those entering or passing, and also on the front of both the northern wings, but not where they would be wholly or partially invisible to the casual observer. The rows are repeated one above another; dragons and bulls are never mixed in the same horizontal row, but a line of bulls is followed by one of sirrush. Each single representation of an animal occupies a height of 13 brick courses, and between them are 11 plain courses, so that the distance from the foot of one to the foot of the next is 24 courses. These 24 courses together measure almost exactly 2 metres, or 4 Babylonian ells, in height." see page 41
Latest Update: July 22, 2018
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